Insights into Editorial: Why are hydropower projects in the Himalayas risky?

      Context: The Environment Ministry, in an affidavit placed in the Supreme Court earlier this month, has disclosed that it has permitted seven hydroelectric power projects, which are reportedly in advanced stages of construction, to go ahead. One of them is the 512 MW Tapovan Vishnugadh project, in Joshimath, Uttarakhand that was recently …

Insights into Editorial: Making sure that girls don’t drop out of school

    Introduction: Indian women excelled in the most decorated Olympic Games for India so far. There is no reason for it to be otherwise in any other field, especially education, given the right support. As a nation, we can ill-afford to ignore half the potential workforce if we aspire to be an economic powerhouse. …

Insights into Editorial: Asset monetisation — execution is the key

    Context: The government has announced an ambitious programme of asset monetisation. It hopes to earn ₹6 trillion in revenues over a four-year period. At a time when the government’s finances are in bad shape, that is money the government can certainly use. Getting asset monetisation right is quite a challenge, though. Creation of …

Insights into Editorial: It’s time for Industry 4.0

    Introduction: Industrial Revolution 4.0 refers to the fourth industrial revolution related to manufacturing and chain production. Industry 4.0 is a complex Cyber-Physical Systems which synergizes production with digital technologies, the Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data & Analytics, Machine Learning and Cloud Computing. The term ‘Industry 4.0’ was coined by the German …

Insights into Editorial: Tauktae, Yaas and planning for the next

  Introduction: The severe cyclones, Tauktae and Yaas, which battered India earlier this year, made landfalls on the country’s western coast, Gujarat, and the eastern coast, Odisha, on May 17 and May 26, 2021, respectively. Both storms caused massive damage to infrastructure, the agricultural sector, and houses. Moreover, 2.5 million people were evacuated to cyclone …

Insights into Editorial: Breaking the logjam, handing over the baton

  Context: For the first time ever, the Supreme Court Collegium led by the Chief Justice of India (CJI) recommended/selected as many as nine persons at one go to be appointed to the apex court. With the appointment later of the nine judges by the President of India, barring one vacancy which arose after the …

Insights into Editorial: Pitfalls of RBI continuing to prioritise economic growth over inflation

  Context: Recently, India’s central bank released several key documents that further shed light on the challenges faced by the Indian economy as well as the RBI (as the authority regulating the monetary policy of the country). Many recall the key dilemma facing the RBI in the recent past has been the sharp trade-off between …

Insights into Editorial: Sense on net zero: India will do well to keep the focus on historical responsibility

    Context: The COP 26 UN Climate Change Conference, hosted by the UK in partnership with Italy, will take place from 31 October to 12 November 2021 in the Scottish Event Campus (SEC) in Glasgow, UK. Against the backdrop of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change sounding a “code red” on climate change, India …

Insights into Editorial: The script of the new endgame in Afghanistan

      Context: The rapidity with which Afghanistan has unravelled has shocked and surprised everyone. The fall of Kabul, and the ignominious end of any resistance to the Taliban within six weeks of the U.S. forces vacating the Bagram airbase (near Kabul) on July 2, reveals how brittle the vaunted Afghan Security Forces were. …

Insights into Editorial: We need a way to measure true human progress

    Introduction: The ultimate aim of economic and social policy is to improve the lives of people, and to enhance their choices and capabilities. Since measuring human progress facilitates this goal, it has been an abiding interest of all. Human Development Reports since 1990. Measurement is a challenging task, however, fraught with myriad statistical …

[MISSION 2022]Insights into Editorial: Beating plastic pollution: On Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules

    Context: The Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules notified by the Centre acknowledge the gravity of pollution caused by plastic articles of everyday use, particularly those that have no utility beyond a few minutes or hours. The decisions follow recommendations made by an expert group constituted by the Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals two …

[Mission 2022] Insights into Editorial: Growth needs steps beyond reforms

    Introduction: The Indian economy has travelled through an eventful period through the last three decades. In the post-independence economic history of our country, 1991 stands out as a watershed year. This was the year in which the economy was faced with a severe balance of payments crisis. In response, we launched a wide-ranging …

[Mission 2022] Insights into Editorial: Parliament is abdicating its oversight role

  Context: The dormancy of the Parliament makes democracy in India as good as dead. The deterioration in Parliament’s functioning needs to be stopped to make it fulfil its constitutional mandate. The monsoon session of Parliament which ended and was a disappointment in several ways. This was the fourth straight session that ended ahead of …

Insights into Editorial: An urban jobs safety net

      Context: Hit by a relentless second wave of COVID-19 infections, India has seen localised lockdowns across several States. With activity restrained, job losses have climbed. This has dampened family incomes and consumer sentiment, setting the stage for lower-than-anticipated economic growth and belying the nation’s hopes of racing back to activity this year …

Insights into Editorial: Parliament Passes Constitution 127th Amendment Bill to Restore States’ Power to Specify SEBCs

    Context: The Constitution (127th Amendment) Bill, 2021, was passed by the Parliament with Rajya Sabha giving its approval to the bill. The Rajya Sabha approved the bill with the majority of the strength of the house and not less than the two-thirds majority of the members present in the house. Lok Sabha had …

Insights into Editorial: Code red: On IPCC’s warning on climate points

    Context: The IPCC has issued arguably its strongest warning yet on impending catastrophe from unmitigated global warming caused by human activity, lending scientific credence to the argument that rising wildfires, heatwaves, extreme rainfall and floods witnessed in recent times are all strongly influenced by a changing climate. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change …

Insights into Editorial: Revisit the idea of ‘aging out’ India’s coal plants

    Introduction: Electricity is an essential requirement for all facets of our life. It has been recognized as a basic human need. It is a critical infrastructure on which the socio-economic development of the country depends. Supply of electricity at reasonable rate to rural India is essential for its overall development. Equally important is …