Sundarbans

Mapping   Source: DTE India and Bangladesh have signed an agreement to address climate-related loss and damage in the Sundarbans, a UNESCO World Heritage Site shared between the two countries. This consensus calls for a joint stakeholder initiative to raise awareness of the Sundarbans’ climate challenges on the global stage. Despite contributing minimally to carbon …

Lithium-ion battery fires

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: DTE  Context: Lithium-ion battery fires, although relatively rare, can be intense and long-lasting. They are mainly caused by a phenomenon called “thermal runaway,” triggered by factors like internal failures (such as short circuits) or external damage. This can lead to a battery catching fire or even exploding. Using water …

Green Ammonia

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: PIB   Context: Recently, the V.O. Chidambaranar Port Authority in Tamil Nadu, India, successfully received and handled Green Ammonia Containers from Egypt. Green ammonia is ammonia that is produced using renewable energy and hydrogen from water electrolysis. This makes green ammonia production virtually carbon dioxide-free.

Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA)

Facts for Prelims (FFP) Source: Business Standard  Context: The Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) has requested the government to increase the guaranteed pension amount under the Atal Pension Yojana (APY) due to concerns that the current amount may not be attractive enough for potential subscribers  

HIV Act

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: India Today  Context: The Supreme Court of India has directed the central and state governments to ensure the effective implementation of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (Prevention and Control) Act, 2017, also known as the HIV Act. The court also instructed all courts, tribunals, and …

Qubit circuit

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Science Daily  Context: Researchers at MIT have made significant progress in developing a novel superconducting qubit architecture that can perform operations between qubits with much greater accuracy than previously achieved. They used a relatively new type of superconducting qubit called fluxonium, which has a longer lifespan than traditional superconducting …

Sarna religious code

Facts for Prelims (FFP)  Source: HT  Context: The Jharkhand Chief Minister has written to the Prime Minister, urging the recognition of the ‘Sarna’ religious code for tribal communities in the state. The request for the Sarna code as a separate religious code in the next Census has been a long-standing demand of tribal groups, and …

Iyal Vaagai farmer’s market in Coimbatore

Content for Mains Enrichment Source: TH Iyal Vaagai farmer’s market in Coimbatore is an initiative promoting sustainability and organic farming. It provides a platform for farmers to sell their produce directly to consumers (farm-to-table market), avoiding middlemen, and offers a wide range of organic products. Founded by Alageswari S as a 10-year-old environmental movement, the …

Dr M S  Swaminathan: Father of India’s Green Revolution

GS1/GS3 Paper   Syllabus: Post-Independent India, Agriculture    Source: IE, TH, DTE  Context: Mankombu Sambasivan Swaminathan (MS Swaminathan) (1925 to 2023) who passed away recently, played a crucial role in heralding the Green Revolution that helped India combat food insecurity   Timeline of Dr M S  Swaminathan’s life:   Key contributions of M S Swaminathan:   …