Kaobal Gali-Mushkoh Valley

Mapping   Source: TH  Context: The Kaobal Gali-Mushkoh Valley, which was once a battlefield during the Kargil War, has now opened up for tourists. This transformation is attributed to the 43-month-long ceasefire agreement between India and Pakistan, the enthusiasm of the local population, and efforts by both the administration and businesses to capitalize on the …

NASA’s OSIRIS-Rex

Facts for Prelims (FFP)    Source: IE  Context: A NASA space capsule carrying the largest sample ever collected from an asteroid landed on Utah’s Test and Training Range. The capsule was released from the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft, which had been in space for seven years and collected the sample from the asteroid Bennu. Scientists will use this sample …

Galactic tides

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: Galactic tides, similar to the tides in Earth’s oceans but on a much larger scale, are caused by gravitational forces within galaxies, resulting from interactions between celestial objects like stars and gas clouds. These tidal forces play a significant role in shaping the evolution of galaxies. They …

India-UN Capacity Building Initiative

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: Economic Times Context: India and the United Nations have jointly launched the “India-UN Capacity Building Initiative,” which aims to share India’s development experiences, best practices, and expertise with partner countries in the Global South through capacity-building and training programs. This initiative builds upon India’s extensive cooperation in development and …

75% of Villages Are Now ODF Plus under Swachh Bharat Mission – Grameen

Facts for Prelims (FFP) Source: PIB  Context: India has achieved a significant sanitation milestone under the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) Phase II, with 75% of villages in the country now declaring themselves ODF Plus. As of now, over 4.43 lakh villages have achieved ODF Plus status, a significant step toward the SBM-G Phase II goals …

Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Ganesh Chaturthi

Content for Mains Enrichment   Source: TH Bal Gangadhar Tilak played a pivotal role in transforming the Ganesh Chaturthi festival into a grand community event in India. Before 1893, Ganesh Chaturthi was a one-day private observance. However, Tilak, a prominent nationalist and leader, saw an opportunity to unite and mobilize society against British colonial rule …

Geospatial intelligence

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Science and Technology   Source: TH  What is Geospatial intelligence? It is the collection and integration of data from various technologies like satellites, sensors, and aerial images to create real-time maps and simulations. It aids in identifying and managing threats, supporting emergency response, environmental monitoring, logistics, and more. Geospatial technology uses …

The Draft Patents (Amendment) Rules, 2023

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Science and Technology: Patent Rights    Source: IPIndia  Context: The government has released Draft Patents (Amendment) Rules, 2023 rule, under the Patents Act of 1970.   What is Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)?   What are Patents?  Patents are government-issued exclusive rights that grant inventors or assignees the sole authority to utilize, …