Dal Lake (J&K)

  Source: TH  Context: A study conducted by the Central Institute of Fisheries Education highlighted the detrimental impact of pollution on native fish species and breeding grounds in Dal Lake since 2007-08. The study attributes the pollution to factors such as increased alkalinity, elevated pH levels, rising chloride content, reduced inflow of water and human …

Jhelum River (J&K)

Mapping Source: DTE  Context: A recent study by researchers from the National Institute of Technology Srinagar has revealed an alarming level of microplastics in the Jhelum River in Kashmir, mainly attributed to unscientific municipal solid waste disposal sites.   Microplastics, measuring less than 5 millimetres, are particularly problematic as they can be ingested by riverine …

NHAI: ‘Sustainability Report for FY 2021-22’

  Source: PIB  Context: National Highways Authority of India, has released its first ‘Sustainability Report for FY 2021-22’, showcasing its commitment to environmental sustainability. NHAI initiatives for sustainability include: Using recycled materials in highway construction, including fly-ash and plastic waste; Creating over 100 wildlife crossings to protect wildlife and reduce human-animal conflicts; Undertaken extensive plantation …

Pet coke

 Source: Economic Times    Context: The government permitted the import of Needle pet coke for making graphite anode material for lithium-ion batteries as a feedstock and not for any other purposes. Import of pet coke for fuel purposes is completely banned.   However, the sulphur content in the NPC should be less than 0.8 per …

Govt bans 14 fixed-dose combination drugs

Facts For Prelims:  Source: Firstpost   Context: The government has banned 14 fixed-dose combination drugs citing there is “no therapeutic justification” for these medicines and that they may involve “risk” to people. The decision was taken on the basis of the recommendations of an expert committee and the Drugs Technical Advisory Board. Prohibit the manufacture, …

UNRWA

  Source: UN  Context:  The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) is facing a severe financial crisis and is on the verge of collapse.   Reason for underfunding: Chronic underfunding over the past decade has left UNRWA with a $75 million shortfall, jeopardizing its essential programs in the Middle East. It …

Nyaya Vikas Portal

  Source: PIB  Context: The Nyaya Vikas Portal has been established to monitor the implementation of Centrally Sponsored Schemes, Nyay Vikas. Features: The portal offers stakeholders seamless access to information related to funding, documentation, project monitoring, and approval.   About Nyaya Vikas Scheme: The Department of Justice (under the Ministry of Law & Justice ) …

‘Beat Plastic Pollution’ campaign  

  Source: TH  Context: The Tourism department in Kerala has launched the ‘Beat Plastic Pollution’ campaign to maintain the cleanliness and environmental integrity of the state’s beaches.   The initiative was introduced on World Environment Day as a collaborative effort involving various stakeholders from the tourism sector and local communities. As part of the campaign, …

Creating Art from invasive plant Lantana

Content for Mains Enrichment (CME) Source: DTE In Tamil Nadu, Adivasi craftsmen create life-sized elephants from lantana, an invasive plant species in India’s forests. This initiative provides employment opportunities for the Adivasis, reduces the presence of lantana in the forest, and raises awareness about the coexistence of humans and wildlife.   The project involves making …

Low-cost finance for the energy transition report

GS Paper 3 Syllabus: Infrastructure (Energy), Environment, Indigenisation of Technology and Developing New Technology   Source: IRENA   Context: The IRENA released the ‘Low-cost finance for the energy transition’ report.   The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA): It is an intergovernmental organization (an official UN observer, founded in 2009, HQ – Masdar City, Abu Dhabi) …

Higgs boson decay

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Science and Technology   Source: TH  Context: Physicists working with the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) particle-smasher at CERN, reported that they had detected a Higgs boson decaying into a Z boson particle and a photon which is a very rare decay process.    About Higgs Boson: The Higgs boson is a …

Groundwater conservation in India

GS Paper 3  Syllabus: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation   Source: TH   Context: Since groundwater consumption and the variability of monsoon rainfall are the two main factors influencing groundwater storage, climate change might pose new challenges for groundwater sustainability in India.   Groundwater: Groundwater is the water that seeps through rocks and soil and …