Mount Merapi (Indonesia)

Mapping   Source: TOI Context: Indonesia’s Mount Merapi erupted on Sumatra Island, resulting in the tragic death of at least 11 hikers out of a group of 26, with three successfully rescued. The eruption sent a 3,000-meter ash column into the sky, causing volcanic debris to impact nearby villages.   About Mount Merapi  Mount Merapi, …

SURVEY VESSEL – SANDHAYAK

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: PIB   Context: The first of four Survey Vessel (Large) ships, Sandhayak, constructed at Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers (GRSE) in Kolkata, was delivered to the Indian Navy.

ASPEX: ISRO’s Aditya L1 spacecraft

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TOI  Context: ISRO’s Aditya L1 spacecraft, launched in September to explore the Sun, has activated its second instrument, ASPEX (Aditya Solar Wind Particle Experiment).   What is ASPEX? ASPEX, or the Aditya Solar Wind Particle Experiment, is a scientific instrument on ISRO’s Aditya L1 spacecraft designed to study solar …

How does GPS work

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH   Context: The article discusses the functionality and significance of the Global Positioning System (GPS). Established by the U.S. Department of Défense in 1973, GPS is a constellation of 24 satellites orbiting the Earth, providing location information through a network of ground control stations and user devices.   …

Action plan to reduce emissions from the cooling sector

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: DTE  Context: The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has proposed an action plan to make the global cooling sector more sustainable, aiming to reduce predicted greenhouse gas emissions by 60% by 2050. The cooling sector, vital for combatting rising temperatures, maintaining food quality, and supporting economies, currently accounts for …

Football Heading

Content for Mains Enrichment   Source: TH  Context: New research suggests a link between soccer heading, the act of players hitting the ball with their head, and a measurable decline in the microstructure and function of the brain over a two-year period.   Additionally, high heading levels were linked to a decline in verbal learning …

World Soil Day: Soil Degradation

GS1/GS3 Paper   Syllabus: Environment Conservation   Source: DTE  Context: The article emphasizes the importance of preserving and restoring soil health for a sustainable future, especially given the threats posed by human activities and decreasing soil productivity.   How Soil is formed?  Soil formation involves the gradual breakdown of rocks and the incorporation of organic material, …