UPSC EDITORIAL ANALYSIS : Breaking the taboo around men’s reproductive health

Source: The Hindu Prelims: Current events of national importance, WHO, male reproductive system, ICMR, ART, intra cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) etc Mains GS Paper I & II: Development and management of social sectors/services related to Health and education etc ARTICLE HIGHLIGHTS In 2004, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that globally, between 60 million to …

UPSC Sansad TV: Perspective – New Criminal Laws

Introduction             New criminal laws take effect from July 1, 2024. The Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita and the Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam replaced the Indian Penal Code, Code of Criminal Procedure and the Indian Evidence Act. Union Home Minister Amit Shah said the introduction of the three new laws marks an overhaul of …

UPSC EDITORIAL ANALYSIS : India’s demographic journey of hits and misses

Source: The Hindu Prelims: Current events of national importance(total fertility rate (TFR), NFHS, Population bill, Fertility rate, Mortality, TFR, NFHS, SDGs etc) Mains GS Paper I & II: Social empowerment, development and management of social sectors/services related to Health. ARTICLE HIGHLIGHTS World Population day is observed on July 11 The United Nations in 1989 established …

Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction (BBNJ) Agreement

Source: PIB Context: The Union Cabinet has approved India’s signing of the Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction (BBNJ) Agreement. This decision aims to conserve and sustainably use marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction, known as the “High Seas.” The Ministry of Earth Sciences will lead the implementation of the BBNJ Agreement. About Biodiversity Beyond National …

Regenerative braking

Source: TH Context: Regenerative braking in electric vehicles is a system that converts kinetic energy from the wheels into a storable form of energy, increasing efficiency. Traditional braking methods, such as disc and induction brakes, convert kinetic energy to heat. In this system, the electric motor that propels the vehicle acts as a generator during …

Zombie Start-ups

Source: IE Context: Koo, the Indian social media platform created to rival Twitter, is shutting down due to unsuccessful deals with larger companies and media houses. Launched in 2020, Koo gained popularity during a conflict between the Indian government and Twitter. Koo offered features similar to Twitter, supported multiple Indian languages, and attracted prominent users, …

Anand Marriage Act

Source: PIB Context: The National Commission for Minorities took initiative to discuss the implementation and registration of Sikh marriages under the Anand Marriage Act with 18 States/UTs. Jharkhand, Maharashtra, and Meghalaya reported that they have already implemented the Act, while the remaining States/UTs assured that they would implement it within two months.

Classical language status

Source: TH Context: The Central government is set to revise the criteria for granting classical language status, affecting languages like Marathi, which has been seeking this status for over a decade. Currently, six languages have classical status: Tamil, Sanskrit, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, and Odia. The criteria for classical language status include high antiquity, a valuable …

Cave painting

Source: TH Context: Scientists have discovered the world’s oldest-known cave painting in the Leang Karampuang cave on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. This artwork, created at least 51,200 years ago, depicts three human-like figures interacting with a wild pig. Researchers determined its age using a new technique involving laser dating of calcium carbonate crystals that …

Alice Munro: Ethical Issues

Syllabus: Applications of Ethics Source: IE   Context: Alice Munro, a Canadian Nobel laureate renowned for her short stories, is now the subject of a disturbing revelation by her daughter, Andrea Robin Skinner. Weeks after Munro’s death, Skinner disclosed that Munro’s second husband, Gerald Fremlin, had sexually abused her repeatedly. Despite being aware of the …

Skill Development as a solution to India’s unemployment problem

Syllabus: Unemployment Source: IE   Context: Economic growth alone hasn’t solved India’s job problem over the past 50 years. Job availability has lagged behind economic growth, particularly affecting the young population.   Status of High unemployment rate in India: The unemployment rate in the country has consistently increased over the last two decades – from 2% in 2010 to 5% in 2015 …

Impact of War on Children

Syllabus: Indian Society/ Social Justice/ Ethics Source: BBC   Context: A Russian missile strike severely damaged Ohmatdyt Children’s Hospital in Kyiv, killing two people.   Ethical Issues related with War: Incidents like these spark debates on the ethics of war, questioning whether war is ever justified. Tolstoy viewed war as inherently criminal, while the ‘Just …

UPSC EDITORIAL ANALYSIS – A Budget that drives growth with stability     

  Source: The Hindu Prelims: Indian Economy(GDP, GVA, fiscal policy, budget, FRBM, gross fixed capital formation (GFCF), economic survey, budget, Employment etc ) Mains GS Paper III: Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, GDP, Issues related to planning etc. ARTICLE HIGHLIGHTS The Union Budget (2024-25) will be presented by the Finance Minister in the Lok Sabha on …