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UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice – Insights SECURE: 19 June 2024

UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice
UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. The major political philosophies of the world, including liberalism, socialism, and communism, have shaped the world order through their ideologies and have had a wide range of impacts. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To critically analyse the major political philosophies of modern world history and their impact on world order.

Directive:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding the major political philosophies of twentieth and twenty first century.

Body:

First, write about the achievements as well as shortcomings of major political philosophies – communism, capitalism, socialism, colonialism, liberalism etc.

Next, write about the various ways in which the above shaped the global world order in the present times – governance, economics, and international relations. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India; Social empowerment.

2. Caste inequality remains a critical determinant of social and economic disparities, requiring targeted policies and inclusive growth efforts to address systemic discrimination and historical injustices. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

A recent working paper of the World Inequality Lab has reignited discussion on the widening gap between the rich and poor. Inequality in India, however, transcends the dichotomy between the haves and the have-nots, as caste-based inequalities are among the defining features of the country’s socioeconomic framework.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the ill effects of caste discrimination, reasons for its prevalence and ways to overcome it.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving background about the caste discrimination in modern India.

Body:

First, write about the reasons for the prevalence of caste discrimination in India and factors behind it.

Next, mention the impact of caste discrimination and how it is affecting contemporary society. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to overcome the above issues and empower weaker sections.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. Delayed census data stalls progress towards sustainable development and exacerbates inequalities. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

Census data are essential for many purposes, including the implementation of welfare schemes.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about benefits of collecting census data and impact of delayed census.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of census in India.

Body:

In the first part, discuss the advantages of census – essential for planning the provision of health care, education, employment, etc, helpful in the debate related to reservation policy, targeted poverty reduction programmes etc

Next, Discuss the limitations of not conducting census – inefficient resource allocation, outdated policies, inadequate urban planning, overlooked vulnerable populations, and compromised public health and emergency responses etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

4. The G-7 (Group of Seven), faces an evolving landscape that necessitates a reassessment of its purpose and must adapt to contemporary global challenges. Examine. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Welcoming leaders of 10 countries including Prime Minister Narendra Modi to the “G-7 Outreach” Summit, Italy’s Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni said it was important to step away from the old trope of the “West vs the Rest”.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various changes needed in G7 to adapt to changing geopolitics of the current times.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, in brief, write about aims and objectives of G-7.

Next, write about the major challenges G-7 faces in the current times – global instability, Geopolitical tensions, non-traditional security threats, rise of emerging economies like China and India, Climate Change etc.

Next, write about the steps that G-7 should take in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment

5. Debt instruments play a crucial role in the global financial system by providing various entities with access to capital markets to finance their operations and investments. Discuss. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about various types of debt instruments available in the Indian market.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining a debt instrument.

Body:

Write about the various type of debt instruments – government securities, corporate bonds, debentures, commercial papers, certificates of deposit, and money market instruments. Explain them in brief with suitable examples and the role they play in the economy.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising their importance.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. India’s progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030 shows positive strides, yet requires targeted actions to address the shortcomings in the efforts. Critically analyse.

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

The world is significantly behind schedule in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set by the United Nations in 2015, according to a new UN report.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about India’s performance with respect to SDG’s and changes required to achieve the target.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context about 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that are to be achieved by 2030.

Body:

First, mention the important SDGs in brief and write about the various measures taken in order to achieve them.

Next, evaluate India’s performance toward achieving various SDGs by 2030 and mention the shortfalls.

Next, write about the various course corrections that are required in order to ensure that SGDs are achieved by 2030.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7.  What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Courage is not simply one of the virtues, but the form of every virtue at the testing point.”  – C.S. Lewis

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about how courage is not just a virtue, but rather the expression of all virtues when put to the test. It suggests that courage is the foundation that enables individuals to live virtuously in challenging circumstances by allowing them to act in accordance with their values. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

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