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UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice – Insights SECURE: 18 June 2024

UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice
UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. The Nagara style of northern Indian temple architecture features towering shikharas, intricate carvings, and a linear axial plan. Explain with examples. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:  

To write about features of Nagara style.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by giving the origins of nagara style.

Body:

First, draw a simple representative diagram of Nagara style with its various key features. Describe the essential features of Nagara style. Cite examples of Nagara style temples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising

 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

2. Khilafat Movement created a conducive environment for the emergence of the Non-Cooperation Movement by fostering Hindu-Muslim unity and providing a model of mass protest and non-cooperation against British rule. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the nature of the Khilafat movement and how its carved out the space for the emergence of Non-cooperation movement.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give the context for the launch of Khilafat movement

Body:

Describe the features of Khilafat movement such as its pan-Islamic nature across the world, as well as it trying to align its goals towards Indian Nationalism, rise of two streams of education among Indian Muslims, rise of political organisations such as All-India Khilafat Committee and the Jamiat al-Ulama-e-Hind, important leaders  and the rising anti- British sentiments.

Mention the role of Gandhi in Khilafat movement, that through Gandhi’s interlinking of the demands of the Khilafat leaders and leaders of INC and the disappointment of the Khilafat leaders  with the Peace treaty of 1920,and various grievances of Congress, Sins of Jallianwala Bagh led to the rise of the Non-cooperation movement.

Conclusion:

Write about how the movement functioned jointly and its achievements.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

3. The Finance Commission ensures equitable financial distribution between the central and state governments, promoting balanced development and fiscal federalism. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The Finance Commission is a constitutional body instituted by the Union government once in five years without any transparent discussion on selecting its members and its terms of reference (ToR).

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of Finance Commission in fiscal federalism in the country.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the giving the context of article 280.

Body:

In the first part, write about the role of the Finance Commission – financial needs and capacities of the central and state governments, promoting economic development, and ensuring that resources are distributed equitably for the benefit of the entire nation.

In the next part, mention the major limitations of the commission.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to overcome the limitations.

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. Gig workers face issues like job insecurity and lack of benefits, necessitating legal protections, fair wages, and social security to safeguard their rights. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The article highlights the importance of prioritizing gig economy workers, who encounter challenges like job instability and insufficient social security.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the issues faced by gig workers, need to ensure and protect rights of gig workers.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining gig workers and present a statistic regarding the number of gig workers in the Indian economy.

Body:

In the first talk about the ambiguity in gig economy which results in the exploitation of gig workers – lack of formal employer-employee relationship, remuneration, rigidity of working hours and the working conditions etc.

Next, write about the benefits of regulating the gig economy and steps needed to protect the rights of workers and grant them social protection.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5. By addressing the root causes of accidents and implementing preventive measures, railway accidents in India can be significantly reduced, ensuring safer journeys for passengers and enhancing the overall efficiency of the rail network. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express , Insights on India

Why the question:

The train accident involving the Kanchenjunga Express near New Jalpaiguri in West Bengal belies the railways’ claims on a safe train journey. At least nine passengers were killed and 40 others injured when a goods train smashed into Kanchenjunga Express from the rear.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes of railway accidents in India and ways to avoid them.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the causes of Railway accidents in the country – track failures, human errors, equipment malfunctions, level crossings, overcrowding, sabotage, and natural disasters etc.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to mitigate the above risks – upgrading infrastructure, modernizing equipment, enhancing safety training, improving maintenance, deploying technology, raising public awareness, enforcing regulations, ensuring level crossing safety, and fostering continuous improvement in safety practices etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. What are the causes and consequences of desertification in India? Engaging local communities in land restoration efforts and promoting sustainable land management practices, are crucial to mitigate the impacts of desertification. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

Three decades after the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) was adopted, the United Nations on June 17 urged support from all generations for sustainable land stewardship.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes and consequences of desertification in India and ways to prevent it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining desertification and present statistics regarding it.

Body:

First, write about its causes – It is caused primarily by human activities and climatic variations. It occurs because dryland ecosystems, which cover over one third of the world ‘s land area, are extremely vulnerable to overexploitation and inappropriate land use.

Next, elaborate upon the socio-economic impact of desertification.

Next, stress on the measures needed to fight desertification.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7. Families play a crucial role in providing children with a strong emotional foundation and ethical framework. Elaborate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of family in providing emotional and ethical foundation to their children.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by mentioning the role of family in inculcating values in children.

Body:

First, write about family as an institution of socialization for a person is his/her family. Since values have an affective component, family plays a major role in an individual subscribing to certain values. Mention as to how these lay foundation to strong emotional and ethical foundation in children’s life.

Next, write about the importance of above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

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