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UPSC Sansad TV: AIR- Subhash Chandra Bose

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Introduction:

Subhash Chandra Bose , fondly remembered as Netaji, was one of the most influential figures in India’s struggle for independence against British colonial rule. Born on January 23, 1897, Bose’s unwavering dedication, strategic acumen, and profound patriotism made him a towering figure in the annals of Indian history. His life was characterized by an unyielding commitment to the cause of freedom and an indomitable spirit that inspired millions across the nation.

Leadership in the Indian National Congress:

  • Bose’s entry into politics marked the beginning of his remarkable journey as a freedom fighter.
  • He joined the Indian National Congress and swiftly rose through its ranks, advocating for more aggressive measures to attain independence.
  • His leadership was marked by a charismatic persona and an uncompromising stance against British imperialism.
  • In 1939, Bose was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress, where he championed the idea of complete independence, famously declaring, “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom.”

Various approach taken by Subhash Chandra Bose towards Indian freedom after resigning from Indian Civil Service.

Bose pursued diverse strategies in India’s freedom movement:

  • Revolutionary Activities: Bose engaged in militant actions, strikes, and protests against British rule, advocating for a more aggressive approach to liberation.
  • Political Mobilization: Within the Indian National Congress, he emphasized mass mobilization and radical reforms to accelerate the freedom struggle.
  • International Diplomacy: Bose sought alliances with foreign powers, including Axis countries during World War II, to internationalize and weaken British colonial control.
  • Formation of the Indian National Army (INA): He organized Indian soldiers and civilians to fight alongside Axis powers, symbolizing armed resistance and Indian unity.
  • Propaganda and Ideological Warfare: Utilizing speeches, writings, and radio broadcasts, Bose propagated nationalist ideologies to rally support for independence. Bose’s varied approaches demonstrated his strategic versatility and unwavering commitment to India’s liberation from British rule.

Netaji Bose’s role in INA

  • The INA revealed Subhash Bose’s greatness as a military leaderand an organizer One of the INA Brigades advanced with the Japanese army upto the frontiers of India. The Indian national flag was hoisted in Kohima in March 1944.
  • However with the change of fortune in the war and the retreat and defeat of the Japanese the INA collapsed. The role of INA had far reaching influences on the Indian political scene.
  • When the stories of their remarkable courage and sacrifice came to the knowledge of the Indian peopleat the end of the war, the nation came under a wave of revolutionary upsurge.
  • The British Government could realise that patriotism for Indians was greater than their service to a foreign power.
  • In spite of his principle of violence Subhash Chandra Bose’s grand scheme of India’s liberation and the high idealism through INA movement inspired the people of India in an unprecedented manner.

Notable literary works by him:

  • The Indian Struggle (1935-1942): This autobiographical account provides insights into Bose’s political journey and his role in the Indian Nationalist Movement.
  • An Indian Pilgrim (1945): He shares his thoughts on nationalism, democracy, and the path to India’s freedom.
  • Letters to Emilie Schenkl (1922-1945): These letters exchanged between Bose and his wife, provides valuable insights into Bose’s character and his dedication to the cause of Indian independence.
  • Netaji’s Forgotten Letters (2016): Collection of letters written by Subhash Chandra Bose to various individuals, shedding light on his interactions, ideas, and strategies during the freedom struggle.

Legacy and Influence:

  • Although Subhash Chandra Bose’s life was tragically cut short in a plane crash under mysterious circumstances in 1945, his legacy continues to inspire generations of Indians.
  • His fearless pursuit of freedom, his unwavering determination, and his willingness to make sacrifices for the greater good remain etched in the collective memory of the nation.
  • Bose’s legacy serves as a reminder of the power of individual agency and the enduring quest for justice and equality.

Conclusion:

  • Subhash Chandra Bose’s contributions to India’s struggle for independence are immeasurable. His vision, leadership, and indomitable spirit continue to inspire millions around the world.
  • As we commemorate his legacy, let us reaffirm our commitment to the ideals of freedom, justice, and equality for which Bose dedicated his life.
  • In honoring Netaji, we pay tribute not only to a historical figure but to the enduring spirit of resilience and courage that defines the Indian nation.