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The Lucknow Pact of 1916 was a milestone in the Indian independence struggle, highlighting the potential for cooperation between diverse political groups in the face of colonial rule. Comment.

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

2. The Lucknow Pact of 1916 was a milestone in the Indian independence struggle, highlighting the potential for cooperation between diverse political groups in the face of colonial rule. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the reasons for and significance of Lucknow pact.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by giving the context.

Body:

First, Mention the various major events prior to it – split in the Congress into different ideologies namely – moderates and extremists, the rise of Swadeshi and Boycott movements and the formation of All India Muslim League and how British were playing the politics of divide and rule.

Next, Mention the details of need for Lucknow pact and the rising sentiment of self-rule among Indians as they realised that supporting the British in the World war was only causing loss of lives and erosion of Indian revenue and the Muslim league also sensed that the British interests weren’t aligned with their interests in the World war.

Mention the joint demands of the Congress-League alliance as part of the Lucknow pact.

Conclusion:

End the answer by the impact of Lucknow pact on the national movement.