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India can prevent cross-border terrorism through improved border controls, defence capabilities with targeted operations, and public awareness. Discuss.

Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

6. India can prevent cross-border terrorism through improved border controls, defence capabilities with targeted operations, and public awareness. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

Multiple operations were launched on June 10 to track at least two to three Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) militants involved in the Katra bus attack, which left nine pilgrims dead and over 33 injured.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the ways to end cross-border terrorism in India.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about how cross-border terrorism often originates from or is supported by neighboring countries, the historical and geopolitical factors that may hinder security cooperation with certain neighbours. Discuss issues related to trust deficit, conflicting interests, and sovereignty concerns that pose challenges to regional security collaboration.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to prevent the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.