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Deforestation is continuing unabated and it needs a comprehensive strategy integrating sustainable economic and technological measures to harmonize development and environmental protection. Examine.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. Deforestation is continuing unabated and it needs a comprehensive strategy integrating sustainable economic and technological measures to harmonize development and environmental protection. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to EarthInsights  on India

Why the question:

Raising ambition, accelerating action: Towards enhanced Nationally Determined Contributions for forests noted major gaps in forest protection, management and restoration in terms of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC).

Key Demand of the question:

To write about causes, consequences, and strategies for addressing deforestation in India, considering its wide-ranging impacts.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context for the issue of deforestation in India.

Body:

First, write about the primary drivers of deforestation in India, such as agricultural expansion, logging, urbanization, and infrastructure development. Discuss any regional or local factors contributing to deforestation.

Next, write about the environmental impacts, including loss of biodiversity, disruption of ecosystems, and climate change. Social consequences, such as displacement of indigenous communities and loss of livelihoods. Economic repercussions, such as impacts on timber industries and ecosystem services etc.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to prevent deforestation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.