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Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) remains high in certain parts of India, posing a significant public health challenge. Examine.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4. Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) remains high in certain parts of India, posing a significant public health challenge. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

A The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the high MMR in certain parts and measures needed to tackle it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving statistic regarding MMR in India and how it is relatively high in certain parts of the country.

Body:

Frist, write about the various measures against MMR – LaQshya, Poshan Abhiyan, Janani Suraksha Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana, Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan Initiative (SUMAN) etc.

Next, write the reasons why there are high trends of MMR in India despite above measures.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to reduce mortality rates in low performing states.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.