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NHRC on Human Trafficking

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

 Context: NHRC recommends all states appoint an ‘anti-human trafficking nodal officer’ not below the rank of a state government secretary or inspector general of police to combat trafficking effectively.

The Commission also calls for setting up District Anti-Human Trafficking Units (DAHTU) headed by a deputy SP to monitor and prevent trafficking incidents. It urges state governments to take stringent measures, including rehabilitation of victims and spreading awareness to eradicate these practices.

About Human trafficking:

It is defined as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring, or receipt of people through force, fraud, or deception to exploit them for profit (UN). It remains a challenge with 2,250 cases reported in India in 2022. Economic, political, and cultural factors contribute to trafficking. Initiatives like the Immoral Traffic Prevention Act, Anti-Human Trafficking Units, Cri-MAC, and Mission Shakti aim to prevent and combat trafficking at global and national levels.

About NHRC:

AboutIt is a statutory body established on 12 October 1993 (in conformity with the Paris Principles), under the Protection of Human Rights Act (PHRA) 1993 [Amended in 2019].
ObjectiveA watchdog for the promotion and protection of the human rights of citizens of India. The PHRA defines Human Rights as the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants and enforceable by courts in India.
Composition (13)A Chairperson, who has been a Chief Justice of India or a Judge of the SC.

1 member, who is, or has been, a Judge of the SC.

2 member, who is, or has been, the Chief Justice of an HC.

3 Members, out of which at least one shall be a woman to be appointed from amongst persons having knowledge or practical experience in matters relating to human rights.

7 ex officio members – NCSC, NCST, NCBC, NCW, National Commission for Minorities, National Commission for Protection of Child Rights and the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities.

AppointmentBy the President of India, on the recommendation of a committee consisting of –  The PM (Chairperson), The Union Home Minister, The LoP in the Lok Sabha, The LoP in the Rajya Sabha, The Speaker of the Lok Sabha, The Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.

The sitting Judge of the SC or sitting Chief Justice of any HC can be appointed only after consultation with the CJI.

FunctionsThe protection of human rights and recommend measures for their effective implementation.

Enquiry into complaints of violation of human rights or negligence in the prevention of such violation by a public servant.

Studies treaties and international instruments and makes recommendations for their effective implementation to the GoI.

Review factors that inhibit the enjoyment of human rights and recommend appropriate remedial measures.

Undertake and promote research in the field of human rights.

To visit jails and study the condition of inmates.

Engage in human rights education among various sections of society and promote awareness among the masses.

Encourage the efforts of NGOs and institutions working in the field of human rights literacy, etc.

Source: DH