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UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice – Insights SECURE: 3 June 2024

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Puppetry in India is a vibrant and intricate expression of cultural narratives and regional identities, showcasing the country’s diverse heritage. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write puppetry as a traditional art and its regional identities.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with what Indian puppetry is and its diversity across Indian states.

Body:

Write in detail about how puppetry draws from painting, sculpture, music, dance, drama and other visual arts. Cite examples to substantiate your points.

Next, write about the diverse forms of regional Indian puppetry and its various types.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about importance of puppetry as visual art.

 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. Protecting the intangible heritage of India is imperative to preserve the nation’s diverse cultural fabric and historical legacy. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the need for protecting intangible heritage of India.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the intangible cultural heritage.

Body:

In the first part, write about the need for protecting intangible heritage of India – cultural heritage, source of livelihood, dying arts. Celebrating diversity etc.

Next, write about the steps that have been take to protect intangible heritage of India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating the importance of intangible heritage of India.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

3. The bifurcation of states in India, though aimed at enhancing administrative efficiency and addressing regional aspirations, presents significant challenges that require careful consideration. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

It is 10 years since Andhra Pradesh was divided into two States.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the aims and impact of bifurcation of states in India.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the reasons behind bifurcation of states – better governance, economic development, and recognition of distinct ethnic, cultural, or linguistic identities etc.

Next, write about the impact of the above – administrative and governance issues, economic disparities, social and cultural disruptions, and political instability. Cite examples to substantiate your points.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion on the issue.

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4. Improving the participation of women in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) is crucial for achieving gender equality and fostering innovation. Analyse.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

Historically, academies have been male bastions with the significant exclusion of women scientists, irrespective of their contributions and work.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how to improve participation of women in STEM courses and be made more inclusive and sensitive for women empowerment.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a statistic about the representation of women in higher academic sciences.

Body:

In the first part, mention how historically gender norms and patriarchal attitudes continue to affect women in academic sciences.

Next, write about the measures that are needed make higher science inclusive and sensitive – promoting awareness, giving choice, continuous academic support, re-inclusion after a break, policy support etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

5. While some degree of inequality can drive economic growth and foster political dynamism, excessive inequality poses significant threats to democratic processes. Do you agree? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

Several argue that inequality harms democratic processes. Some inequality, others argue, is actually beneficial.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the pros and cons of inequality in the country and your opinion on it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining inequality.

Body:

First, write about the pros of a degree of inequality in the country – incentivize innovation, economic growth, and political dynamism by encouraging competition and efficient resource allocation.

Next, write about the cons of inequality – undermine political equality, concentrate power among the wealthy, disenfranchise poorer citizens, erode social cohesion, and lead to biased policies favouring the affluent etc. Cite statistics and examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion on the issue.

 

Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

6. Addressing baby trafficking requires a comprehensive approach that targets both the supply and demand sides of this heinous practice. Analyse. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Both supply and demand sides of baby trafficking need to be stopped.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about ways to stop baby trafficking in the country.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a statistic related to baby trafficking in the country.

Body:

First, write about measures needed to tackle supply side – alleviating poverty, enhancing social safety nets, raising community awareness, empowering women and girls through education, and enforcing stricter laws against trafficking

Next, write about measures on the demand side – ensuring transparent and ethical adoption processes, providing support for infertile couples, and launching public awareness campaigns etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. The three Jewels of Jainism hold significant relevance in modern society, offering timeless guidance for personal development and social harmony. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Write a few introductory lines about the Jain philosophy.

Body:

Discuss about the three jewels of Jainism – Right faith – Samyak darshan, Right knowledge – Samyak jnana, Right conduct – Samyak charitra.

Next, write about its relevance in modern society. Use examples to substantiate your points.

Conclusion:

Conclude by Summarising.

 

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