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Health For All Mandate of WHO

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

 

Source: WHO

 Context:  The World Health Organization (WHO) launched its inaugural Investment Round to revamp its funding model in the face of global challenges such as climate change, pandemics, and geopolitical instability.

 

What is Health For All?

The concept of “Health for All” originated from the Alma-Ata Declaration of 1978 by WHO, emphasizing Primary Health Care. The Investment Round, targeting the next four years (2025-2028), aims to raise $7 billion to bolster countries’ capacity to address health challenges.

The initiative, introduced ahead of the Seventy-Seventh World Health Assembly, aims to secure flexible, predictable, and resilient funding for WHO’s strategy from 2025 to 2028. Brazil, France, Germany, Norway, and Qatar have pledged their support, with Brazil set to host a major pledging event in November.

 

Funding for WHO: 

WHO’s funding primarily comes from two sources: assessed contributions, which are dues paid by member countries based on a percentage of their GDP, and voluntary contributions from members or other partners. These voluntary contributions include core and specified funds. However, challenges persist as assessed contributions cover less than 20% of the total budget, and there are instances of funding withdrawal, such as the temporary suspension by the US.

 

About WHO:

The World Health Organization (WHO), established in 1948, is the specialized health agency of the United Nations. Based in Geneva, Switzerland, it operates with 194 Member States, 150 country offices, and six regional offices. Working closely with member states, typically through Ministries of Health, WHO leads global health initiatives, sets standards, conducts research, and offers technical support. Its responsibilities include shaping health policy, advocating evidence-based practices, and monitoring health trends. World Health Day, celebrated annually on April 7th, marks the organization’s founding date.