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World Bees Day

Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: UN

 Context: The UN designated 20 May as World Bee Day to raise awareness and protect pollinators. The 2024 theme, “Bee Engaged with Youth,” emphasizes involving young people in conservation.

 Honey bees, with three pairs of legs, four wings, and five eyes, perform a “waggle dance” to communicate food source locations. They produce propolis, a resinous substance that seals hive cracks, protects against invaders, and prevents bacterial and fungal buildup.


The Importance of Bees and Pollinators

  1. Bees, butterflies, bats, and hummingbirds are crucial for pollination.
  2. 90% of wild flowering plants, 75% of food crops, and 35% of agricultural land rely on animal pollination.
  3. Pollinators are vital for food security and biodiversity conservation.
  4. Threats to Pollinators: Human activities like habitat destruction, pesticides, and climate change threaten pollinators.
  5. Actions to Protect Pollinators: Plant diverse native plants, avoid pesticides, and buy local honey. Governments should involve local communities, enforce protective measures, and encourage sustainable practices.



  1. The International Pollinator Initiative promotes sustainable pollinator use.
  2. FAO provides technical assistance for sustainable beekeeping and honey production.


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