Print Friendly, PDF & Email

UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice – Insights SECURE : 21 May 2024

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

MISSION – 2023: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM 4.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1. Diverse and inclusive educational institutions ensure that opportunities are accessible to all individuals, regardless of their background. This inclusivity allows people to fully utilize their talents and skills. Elucidate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

The article highlights that latest available data from the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) under the ministry of education from academic year 2021-22 shows that 43.2 million students are enrolled in the system, having grown at 4.1% compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) over nine years from 30 million in 2012-13.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the ill effects of social divisions in educational institutes, reasons for its prevalence and ways to overcome it.

Directive word: 

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the reasons for the prevalence of social divisions in educational institutes of India and factors behind it.

Next, mention the impact of social divisions and how it is affecting contemporary society. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to overcome the above issues and empower weaker sections making educational institutes inclusive of diversity.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

2. The process of judicial review should be robust, prompt, and clear when dealing with obviously unconstitutional or divisive statutes. This ensures the protection of constitutional rights, minimizes harm from potentially damaging laws, and provides clear legal precedents. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article discusses that the Supreme Court of India will, sooner or later, consider the question whether the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) and the rules under it can pass constitutional scrutiny.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of judicial review and ways to make it clearer and robust.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining judicial review.

Body:

First, write about judicial review and its importance – part of basic structure of the constitution, empowers the judiciary to review the actions of the executive and legislative branches, trike down laws or executive actions that are found to be unconstitutional etc. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about ways to make it clearer and more robust- balancing judicial activism with restraint, resource constraints, complex legal questions, and political pressures etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

3. The POCSO Act has made a substantial impact in addressing child sexual abuse in India, providing a robust legal framework and promoting a victim-centric approach. However, to maximize its effectiveness, several reforms are needed. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses that for at least the second time this year, the judiciary’s understanding of the POCSO Act and its provisions on child sexual abuse material (CSAM, more widely referred to as child pornography) has come under the scanner

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of the POCSO act and reforms needed in it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving aims and objectives of POCSO act.

Body:

First, mention the role of POCSO act in addressing Child abuse and historical child sexual abuse; it refers to incidents that are reported late. Discuss the causative factors of it. Institutional hurdles in accepting Historical Child Abuse.

Next, mention the challenges associated with the Act and recommend reforms that are necessary to overcome it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

4. India is making strides towards adopting the Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) model. However, challenges related to developmental priorities, diversity, and regulatory enforcement need to be addressed. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Expressinvestopedia.com

Why the question:

The most worrying critique of ESG is that by promoting it as a pious talisman, companies and governments may be avoiding hard decisions necessary to confront and overcome climate change, rising inequality.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about ESG and India’s readiness in adapting it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining ESG

Body:

First, write about the various features of ESG and the benefits associated with it.

Next, write about the readiness of India to adopt ESG – mention areas which it can and mention areas which it cannot. Also mention how India can adopt ESG and still achieve its developmental objectives.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5. Acid rain has wide-ranging adverse impacts on the environment, human health, infrastructure, and the economy. Explain. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain the adverse impacts of acid rain.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin the defining acid rain.

Body:

Frist, in brief explain first the major reasons behind the occurrence of acid rains.

Next, discuss that acid rains are harmful for both biotic and abiotic elements. it corrode the surface and rendered it riddled with hole. Yellowing of marble and lime stone and other such delicate surface gets destroyed. It is also harmful for textile and metals as it reduce their quality and make them weak. Moreover it makes the soil acidic and reduces the fertility.

Next, discuss what needs to be done. Highlight the efforts of the government in this direction

Conclusion:

Write a way forward to mitigate the impact of acid rain.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6.  What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Knowing yourself is the beginning of all wisdom.” ― Aristotle

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about being knowing oneself, self-awareness and its importance in developing character. Elaborate upon how being honest with oneself results so many benefits for individual morality. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the honesty in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Education without values, as useful as it is, seems rather to make man a more clever devil.” ― C.S. Lewis

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Elaborate upon the quote and mention the role of value education in making a person ethical. Mention the ways in which education shapes up ethics. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about the counter view that education can also be devoid of ethics and its consequences. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

Click here to Download the SECURE Questions in PDF Format


Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE

Please subscribe to Our podcast channel HERE

Subscribe to our YouTube ChannelHERE

Follow our Twitter Account HERE

Follow our Instagram ID HERE

Follow us on LinkedIn : HERE