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Bacterial Pathogens Priority List (BPPL)

Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: Th

 Context: The World Health Organization (WHO) updated its Bacterial Pathogens Priority List (BPPL), highlighting critical priority pathogens that pose significant global health threats due to their resistance to treatment and ability to spread resistance.


About BPPL:

The Bacterial Pathogens Priority List (BPPL) is a crucial tool in combating antimicrobial resistance. Introduced by the WHO in 2017, it initially listed 13 bacterial pathogens to guide research and development efforts for new antibacterials.

The 2024 list categorizes 15 families of antibiotic-resistant bacteria into critical, high, and medium-priority groups to aid in prioritizing responses. Some high-priority pathogens, like Salmonella and Shigella, burden low- and middle-income countries, posing challenges in healthcare settings.

Antibiotic resistance, driven by misuse and overuse of antimicrobials, makes infections harder to treat and increases the risk of severe illness and death.

The WHO Bacterial Priority Pathogens List serves as a vital tool in combating antimicrobial resistance, updating rankings to address evolving threats.