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UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice – Insights SECURE: 18 April 2024

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. what is an anticyclone? What is the impact of an anticyclone on the weather? (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses how a massive anticyclone caused floods in Dubai and humid heat in Mumbai, on the other side of the Arabian Sea

Key Demand of the question:

To write about anticyclones and the impact of an anticyclone on the weather.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define anticyclone.

Body:

In the first part, write about the various features of anticyclones with respect to – cloud formation, temperature, wind, condensation, impact on air and sea.

 Next, write about the impact of anticyclone on the weather of the region. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2. Nano urea, being a relatively new concept, also presents its own set of challenges and considerations for the government in the context of being an effective fertilizer in India. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The Union government on Wednesday notified the use of Nano Urea Plus for a period of three years. The use of Nano Urea has been controversial due to its claim of efficiency and inadequate field trials.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the nano urea, potential and challenges with respect to it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly give the context of nano urea.

Body:

In the first part, write about its potential as fertilizer in India.

Next, write about challenges associated with it – higher cost compared to conventional urea, regulatory approval requirements, and the need for farmer education and awareness etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

3. Provide an overview of different types of biofuels and their classification. Highlight the current status of biofuel production in India and the government’s efforts to promote its use. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief on Biofuels and its classification into various generations.

Body:

Highlight the energy security issues in India and globally and the importance of biofuels through facts/figures

Next, Mention about the need of clean energy in the context of Climate change. Further, bring in the dimension of energy security being a decisive factor in geopolitics, self-sufficiency in energy, role in robust rural economy which in turn will help in overall economic development.

Write about India’s policy on Biofuels and further steps it should take to reap its benefits.

Conclusion:

Mention the way forward for any nation in the backdrop of limited fossil fuel is to diversify and hence India should have an effective strategy for biofuels.

 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

4. What is 3D bioprinting? While 3D bioprinting has enormous potential in healthcare and other industries, it is still a developing technology with limitations that need to be addressed before it can be widely used. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: en.wikipedia.org

Why the question: 

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about 3D bioprinting, its potential and limitations.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining 3D bioprinting

Body:

First, write about potential applications of 3D bioprinting – tissue engineering, drug discovery and testing, disease modelling, and personalized medicine etc.

Next, write about the limitations of 3D bioprinting – complexity and scalability of the process, quality control issues, and high costs.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security

5. The persistence of Maoist insurgency in certain regions of India despite significant efforts to curb their activities highlights the need for a holistic approach that addresses the root causes of the conflict. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express ,  The Hindu , Insights on India

Why the question:

A day after eliminating 29 Maoists in the Kanker area of the Bastar division of Chhattisgarh, security forces on Wednesday said they have identified 17 dangerous Naxal operatives to be neutralised.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the challenges posed by Maoism and government’s counter-insurgency measures but the need for further vigil and action to successfully overcome it.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by citing stats about the trends of Maoism and Maoist violence.

Body:

First, write the about the challenges posed by Maoist insurgency to internal security of India. Write how the Naxalist movement still remains a potent threat to the internal security of India in the various ways. Cite examples and data to substantiate your points.

Next, write about various measures taken by the government to tackle Maoist violence, successes and limitations of the same.

Next, suggest various measures that are further required to tackle this issue.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward on taking a multi-pronged approach to defeat Maoism.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

6. Integrity is a crucial moral virtue that is foundational to building good character. It helps us establish trust and reliability in our interactions with others, cultivates self-respect and self-esteem, and guides us to act in accordance with our values and principles. Substantiate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how Integrity is at the core of good character.

Directive word: 

Substantiate – When you are asked to Substantiate, you must pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question using suitable case studies or/ and examples.

Introduction: 

Begin by defining what is Integrity and any relevant quote is possible.

Body:

Mention how integrity boosts the moral values such as honesty, fairness, decency etc that boosts one’s moral character and contributes to an ethical system. Use examples to support the argument.

Also, write about how with having Integrity as foundational value, we can add more virtues for ethical development.

Conclusion:

Mention that it further boosts self-awareness of individuals and aids for a just society.

 

Topic: ethical issues in international relations and funding;

7. If we can uphold pluralism, responsibility, and fairness, then the ethics in international relations will transform from a normative theory to a practising principle. Elaborate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain environmental ethics and how it has become an important dimension of ethics in the twenty first century.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by describing the ethical issues in international relations.

Body:

Write about as to how ethics in international relations remain a theory as they are seldom implemented in practice. Substantiate with examples.

Next, write about how pluralism, responsibility and fairness can make a difference in transforming ethic in international relations. Link these to recent happenings across the world.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning the need of uphold ethics in international relations.

 

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