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Earthquake in Taiwan



Source: IE

 Context: A powerful earthquake of 7.2 magnitude struck Taiwan.

What makes Taiwan and Japan so prone to earthquakes?

Taiwan and Japan are highly prone to earthquakes due to their location along major tectonic plate boundaries. Both countries sit on the Pacific “Ring of Fire,” where several tectonic plates converge. Taiwan is situated on the boundary between the Philippine Sea Plate (PSP) and the Eurasian Plate (EP), while Japan is located at the juncture of the Pacific Plate (PP), Philippine Sea Plate (PSP), and Eurasian Plate(EP). The intense geological activity along these plate boundaries results in frequent seismic events, including earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Additionally, both Taiwan and Japan have rugged terrain and mountainous regions, further exacerbating the impact of earthquakes.

What is Ring of Fire? 

The Ring of Fire is a horseshoe-shaped region in the Pacific Ocean characterized by frequent seismic and volcanic activity. The Ring of Fire marks the convergence of several tectonic plates, including the Pacific Plate, and is associated with approximately 90% of the world’s earthquakes. The Ring of Fire hosts numerous volcanoes formed through subduction, where one tectonic plate is forced beneath another, leading to volcanic eruptions.

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