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Vietnam’s Mekong Delta



Source: TH

 Context: Rising saltwater levels threaten Vietnam’s Mekong Delta, causing nearly $3 billion in annual crop losses. The region, known as “Vietnam’s rice bowl,” faces intensified saltwater intrusion due to rising sea levels, droughts, and other factors. This could result in significant damage to agriculture, particularly in the southern Ca Mau province.


About the Mekong Delta in Vietnam: 

It is a wet coastal area of over 40,500 km2 where the Mekong River meets the sea. It’s a vital agricultural and aquacultural region, with a history dating back to the 4th century BC. The area is renowned for its biodiversity but is also vulnerable to climate change and related issues like sea level rise and saltwater intrusion.

About the Mekong River

It is one of the world’s longest, flows through East and Southeast Asia, spanning 4,909 km. Originating from the Tibetan Plateau, it traverses six countries before reaching southern Vietnam. Its seasonal fluctuations and natural obstacles hinder navigation, yet it remains a crucial trade route.

Read about the Mekong Ganga Cooperation (MGC) Mechanism: Here