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UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice – Insights SECURE : 26 March 2024

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Carnatic music, one of the two main traditions of Indian classical music, is characterized by several distinguishing features that contribute to its rich heritage and unique identity. Discuss. (150 words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

T.M. Krishna, the stormy petrel of Carnatic music, and this year’s winner of The Music Academy, Madras’s prestigious Sangita Kalanidhi award, is an ardent artiste and an avid activist.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the distinguishing features of Carnatic Music.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Introduce Carnatic Music as a classical music tradition originating from South India.

Body:

First write about the features of Carnatic Music – Describe the melodic framework of Carnatic Music, emphasizing the use of raga (melodic scale) as a fundamental element. Discuss the intricate system of ragas and their importance in evoking different emotions and moods.

Next, explain the rhythmic aspect of Carnatic Music, focusing on the tala (rhythmic cycle) system. Discuss the intricate patterns of tala and the use of percussion instruments to create rhythmic variations.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

2. Extending the Sixth Schedule status to Ladakh may offer opportunities for protecting the region’s cultural and social identity, but it also presents significant challenges related to autonomy and development. Examine. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on IndiaInsights on India

Why the question:

Environmentalist Sonam Wangchuk, currently on a 21-day fast to demand the implementation of the Indian Constitution’s Sixth Schedule and statehood for the Union Territory (UT) of Ladakh.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about advantages and disadvantages of including Ladakh in the sixth schedule.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

In the first part, write briefly about the sixth schedule of Indian constitution.

Next, write about advantages of sixth schedule – empowering tribal communities, promoting their self-governance, and safeguarding their rights and interests, thereby contributing to the overall inclusive development of these regions.

Next, write about the issues of sixth schedule – uneven development, limited economic opportunities, administrative challenges, resource management issues, and concerns about political representation etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward with respect to Ladakh.

 

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3. What is New Collective Quantified Goal on Climate Finance (NCQG)? NCQG is crucial for promoting climate justice and enabling effective global climate action, especially for the most vulnerable nations disproportionately affected by climate change. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

The first round of deliberations for the post-2025 climate finance goal are to be held in Colombia in April 2024, divergences between developed and developing countries loom large.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the NCQG and understanding of key role of climate finance.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about NCQG – its components, quantum of it and other features.

Next, write about significance of climate finance in tackling climate change.

Next, mention the various impediments in developing countries accessing climate finance.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. Addressing deforestation requires a multi-faceted approach that includes sustainable land use planning. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about causes, consequences, and strategies for addressing deforestation in India, considering its wide-ranging impacts.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context for the issue of deforestation in India.

Body:

First, write about the primary drivers of deforestation in India, such as agricultural expansion, logging, urbanization, and infrastructure development. Discuss any regional or local factors contributing to deforestation.

Next, write about the steps that are needed prevent deforestation – environmental conservation with sustainable development and social equity, involving policies and interventions that promote forest conservation, community participation, and sustainable land-use practices.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. Land degradation has negative impacts on the environment, economy, and society. Examine the causes and consequences of Land degradation. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes and consequences of land degradation

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic related to degrading land.

Body:

First, write about the causes of land degradation – agricultural practices, deforestation, urbanization and industrialization, and climate change.

Next, write about the negative impact of Land degradation and how it impacts on human ecosystem and health.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward on overcoming the above shortcomings.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Change begins within the individual. Only then can it spread to others.”  – Dalai Lama

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about how everyone desires change in politics, society and economy but nobody wants to change their own ways or their life. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about how change must begin from an individual.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“True individual freedom cannot exist without economic security and independence. People who are hungry and out of a job are the stuff of which dictatorships are made.” – Franklin D. Roosevelt

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about importance of economic security and independence as essential components of true individual freedom. Write about when people lack basic necessities like food and employment, it creates conditions that can lead to the rise of dictatorial regimes.

Conclusion:

Summarise by giving an opinion on balancing social justice and freedom.

 

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