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COP Presidentcies’ Troika

Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: Hindustan Times

 Context: The hosts of upcoming United Nations climate conferences, including the United Arab Emirates, Azerbaijan, and Brazil also known as COP Presidentcies’ Troika, have called for nations to align their nationally-determined contributions (NDCs) with the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius.


  • They aim for these aligned NDCs to be submitted by early 2025.
  • The plan advocates for comprehensive NDCs covering all greenhouse gases, with emission reduction targets of 60% compared to 2019 levels by 2035.


The “COP Presidentcies’ Troika” refers to a collaborative effort among three countries that have hosted, or will host, consecutive sessions of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

The Troika system is designed to ensure continuity and cooperation in the leadership of these international climate conferences.

Typically, the Troika consists of the current COP host country, the country that hosted the previous COP, and the country scheduled to host the subsequent COP session.