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e-shram portal

Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: Deccan Herald


Context: The Supreme Court of India has directed all states and Union territories to issue ration cards to migrant laborers registered on the e-shram portal within two months.

  • This decision comes after authorities failed to comply with previous directives given in April 2023, which granted a three-month window for providing ration cards to laborers.
  • Out of around 29 crore registrants on the e-shram portal, around 8 crore do not have ration cards and do not receive subsidized food grains under National Food Security Act (NFSA) 2013.


The e-Shram portal is a centralized database that helps to implement social security services for unorganized workers.

It also helps to share information with stakeholders and provide a comprehensive database for national crises.

The portal uses Aadhaar to deliver social security benefits and ensure that the benefits are portable to migrant and construction workers at their workplaces.