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India’s first Oil Palm Processing Unit (Arunachal Pradesh)

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

 

Source: ET

 Context: India’s first integrated Oil Palm Processing Unit by 3F Oil Palm has commenced operations in Arunachal Pradesh, marking a significant milestone in the country’s journey towards self-reliance in edible oils.

 

About Palm oil:

  • Derived from the fruit of oil palms, used in cooking, cosmetics, processed foods, biofuel, etc.
  • Indonesia and Malaysia produce 90% of global palm oil, with Indonesia leading at over 45 million tonnes in 2021.
  • Used in food, detergents, cosmetics, and biofuel.
  • Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Kerala contribute 98% of production in India

 

Issues: Oil Palm plantations are criticized for unsustainable production and exploitative labour practices.

NMEO-OP:

  1. Launched in 2021 to promote oil palm cultivation.
  2. Targets by 2025-26: Increase oil palm area to 10 lakh hectares and crude palm oil production to over 11 lakh tonnes

Consider the following statements: (UPSC 2018)

  1. The quantity of imported edible oils is more than the domestic production of edible oils in the last five years.
  2. The Government does not impose any customs duty on all imported edible oils as a special case.

 

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Ans: A