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India exhibits a wide range of soil types, from fertile alluvial soils to arid and desert soils, each with unique characteristics and its diverse soils result from the interplay of various factors. Explain.

Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent);

1.  India exhibits a wide range of soil types, from fertile alluvial soils to arid and desert soils, each with unique characteristics and its diverse soils result from the interplay of various factors. Explain. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain the factors responsible for the formation of soil and its implications.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by mentioning about the diversity of soils in India and their profile across major regions they are found in.

Body:

Talk about reasons for diversity in the Indian soil profile and some important characteristics and crops sown in each soil briefly. A small map of major soil regions of India could be drawn for better presentation purpose.

Then in detail mention about the various factors responsible for (Pedogenesis) soil formation in India. Explain about factors such as Parent Material, Relief. Climate and Natural Vegetation. Substantiate your answer with relevant examples.

Next, write about the implications of soil diversity in India.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by stressing on the importance of diversity in the soil profile of India.