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UPSC Sansad TV: Tourism Talks- Unlocking Opportunities





The Indian Tourism sector ranks among the fastest-growing economic sectors in the country. The industry significantly impacts employment and drives regional development, while also creating a multiplier effect on the performance of related industries. The Union Budget 2023-24 had highlighted Tourism as one of the major sectors contributing to India’s overall economy and allocated Rs. 2400 crores to the Ministry of Tourism. By 2028, India’s tourism and hospitality industry is projected to generate revenue of over 59 Billion USD. The Government of India also envisions creating around 140 million jobs in tourism by 2030.

Development of tourism infrastructure:

  • The Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spirituality, Heritage Augmentation Drive (PRASHAD) scheme was launched by the central government in 2015 to provide a complete religious tourism experience through planned development of identified pilgrimage and heritage destinations.
  • The Committee recommended:
    • engaging the private sector in providing tourism infrastructure under the SDS and PRASHAD schemes to make them commercially viable
    • augmenting hotel room capacity by constructing budget hotels on the surplus land at railway stations
    • providing financial support to meet funding gaps for development of tourism infrastructure.

Potential and prospects :-

  • Generating Income and Employment: 
    • Tourism in India has emerged as an instrument of income and employment generation, poverty alleviation and sustainable human development. It contributes 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India.
  • Source of Foreign Exchange Earnings:
    • Tourism is an important source of foreign exchange earnings in India. This has favourable impact on the balance of payment of the country.
  • The sector also has the potential to create micro-entrepreneurs who in turn can employ more people. The multiplier effect it delivers is high.
  • In fact, tourism helped Spain which receives over 68 million international tourists annually fight its recent economic downturn.
  • According to the World Tourism Organisation, the sector provides for 10 per cent of the world’s GDP, 7 per cent of the global trade and creates one in every 11 jobs worldwide.
  • Travel and tourism sector in India has the potential to grow much faster and support 46 million jobs by 2025, provided the right investments and policies continue to be implemented
  • Rural areas:
  • Indian Tourism offers a potpourri of different cultures, traditions, festivals, and places of interest. There are a lot of options for the tourists.
  • India is a country with rich cultural and traditional diversity. This aspect is even reflected in its tourism. The different parts of the country offer wide variety of interesting places to visit.


  • With optimistic predictions of about 13.34 million foreign tourists arriving by 2024, there is a pressing need to upgrade our security systems specially to provide a flawless security blanket cover to foreign tourists.
  • Safety assumes utmost importance to draw tourists in hordes.
  • If the goal of positioning of India as one of the world’s best tourism destinations by 2047, there is need to integrate various schemes of different ministries.