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ECOWAS

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

 

Source: TH

 Context: Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger have abruptly withdrawn from the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), citing it as a “sovereign decision.”

The military regimes in these Sahel nations, grappling with jihadist violence and economic challenges, have strained relations with ECOWAS since recent coups. Facing suspensions and sanctions, the three nations have solidified their stance and formed an “Alliance of Sahel States.”

 

Previously, ECOWAS had suspended members like Mali, Guinea, and Burkina Faso following coups in those countries, refusing to recognize their new governments.

 

The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is a regional bloc established in 1975 with the goal of promoting economic integration among its 15 member countries in West Africa.

  1. Members: These countries include Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger (all three now left it), Cape Verde, Benin, Cote d’Ivoire, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Senegal, and Togo.
  2. Aim: ECOWAS aims to achieve a single common currency and create a large trading bloc in various sectors like industry, transport, telecommunications, energy, finance, and culture.