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World War-I origins are a complex interplay of diplomatic failures, militarism, and nationalist tensions across Europe. Examine.

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. World War-I origins are a complex interplay of diplomatic failures, militarism, and nationalist tensions across Europe. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Chapter-1: Mastering Modern World History – Norman Lowe

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the reasons for the outbreak for the first world war and responsibility of Germany for the war.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the context of assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand that started the great war of 1914.

Body:

First, write about the geo-political Tensions had been brewing throughout Europe—especially in the troubled Balkan region of southeast Europe, the alliances involving European powers, the Ottoman Empire, Russia and other parties had existed for years, The political instability in the Balkans etc, Hyper nationalism leading to mutual distrust. Mention other factors such as economic and military causes.

Next, write about the German responsibility for the first world war. Mention is role in the war as well as the responsibility of the others in it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a balanced opinion on the German responsibility for the first world war.