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UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice – Insights SECURE: 26 January 2024

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. World War-I origins are a complex interplay of diplomatic failures, militarism, and nationalist tensions across Europe. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Chapter-1: Mastering Modern World History – Norman Lowe

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the reasons for the outbreak for the first world war and responsibility of Germany for the war.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the context of assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand that started the great war of 1914.

Body:

First, write about the geo-political Tensions had been brewing throughout Europe—especially in the troubled Balkan region of southeast Europe, the alliances involving European powers, the Ottoman Empire, Russia and other parties had existed for years, The political instability in the Balkans etc, Hyper nationalism leading to mutual distrust. Mention other factors such as economic and military causes.

Next, write about the German responsibility for the first world war. Mention is role in the war as well as the responsibility of the others in it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a balanced opinion on the German responsibility for the first world war.

 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2. The prolonged nature of the Depression was influenced by a combination of factors, including policy mistakes, the slow recovery of the banking sector, and the global scope of the crisis. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes of the Great Depression.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of the Great Depression.

Body:

First, write in detail about the various factors that contributed to the Great Depression – world war-I, Unstable economies, inflation, improper lending etc.

Next, write about the impact caused by the Great Depression on the global economy.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing measures taken to tackle the Great Depression.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

3. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Reason shows me that if my happiness is desirable and good, the equal happiness of any other person must be equally desirable” ― Henry Sidgwick

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about how individuals strive for happiness and it is a natural thing for people to seek it. Write about how people in order to achieve happiness have scant regard for other’s happiness. Explain the impact of the above using examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

4.  What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Virtue lies in our power, and similarly so does vice; because where it is in our power to act, it is also in our power not to act…” ― Aristotle.

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about the role of power and power can used to do both good and bad things. Also, write about inaction and how inaction can also be a vice. Substantiate using examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.


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