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Artificial Greening and Plantations

Content for Mains Enrichment (CME)

 

Source: DTE

 Context: In India, invasive alien plant species are displacing native vegetation, posing a significant threat to wildlife by disrupting natural habitats and depleting essential food sources.

A study suggests that about 66% of the country’s natural systems are infested by 11 invasive species, compromising or threatening two-thirds of the available food for wild animals. The invasion is driven by human actions, including horticultural practices and land-use changes.

 

What is Artificial greening and plantations?

It refers to human-initiated efforts to introduce or promote specific vegetation in an area, often for ecological restoration, aesthetic purposes, or to address environmental issues. These practices involve planting selected plant species, typically non-native or commercially valuable ones, to modify or enhance the existing vegetation in a particular area.

While some experts view artificial greening as a way to ecological restoration, livelihood enhancement, Aesthetic Landscaping, Erosion Control, etc. But artificial greening if done with non-native species can have an irreversible impact on the overall ecological landscape.