Print Friendly, PDF & Email

UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice – Insights SECURE: 25 January 2024

 

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

MISSION – 2023: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM 4.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. The principles of liberty, independence, and equality that emerged from American War of Independence resonated globally, inspiring movements for self-determination and human rights. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the historical significance and impact of the American War of Independence.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give the context of American War of Independence.

Body:

First, write about the impact of American War of Independence – Emergence of the United States as a sovereign nation, Nation-building, Formation of a new political system, democratic institutions, Constitution drafting etc.

Next, write about the global impact of American War of Independence and how it promoted decolonisation movements in various colonies.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2. Napoleon’s Continental System, intended to weaken Britain economically, turned out to be a strategic miscalculation. Instead of achieving its goals, it led to economic hardships for both France and its allies. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how the continental system played a part in the downfall of Napoleon.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining continental system.

Body:

First, write about the design of continental system and how its major target was to cripple Britain Economically.

Next, write about the limitations of continental system with respect to its design, implementation, aspects of under estimation the economic prowess of Britain etc which led to its failure.

Next, mention other factors that were responsible for the downfall of Napoleon.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning to what extent continental system was responsible for the downfall of Napoleon.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential;

3. Statistical data is a cornerstone for effective governance. Access to accurate and reliable statistical information is crucial for creating policies that respond to the dynamic needs of society and promote the overall well-being of the population. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

India’s statistical system is under the PMO’s lens. Given recent data dissonance, it clearly needs a relook.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about benefits of collecting census data.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of statistical data collection In India.

Body:

In the first part, discuss the advantages of statistical data – essential for planning the provision of health care, education, employment, etc, helpful in the debate related to reservation policy, targeted poverty reduction programmes etc

Next, Discuss the limitations in statistical data collection.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

4. The India-France relationship is characterized by a strong and diversified partnership that goes beyond bilateral ties. The strategic, economic, and cultural dimensions of this relationship showcase a comprehensive engagement that benefits both nations and contributes to stability and development at the regional and global levels. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressIndian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

Macron, who will be the Chief Guest at the Republic Day celebrations in New Delhi on January 26, will begin his Jaipur trip by visiting Amer Fort, Jantar Mantar and Hawa Mahal on Thursday.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the achievements of Indo-France strategic partnership and ways to further it.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of of Indo-France strategic partnership.

Body:

First, discuss about the historic relations between the India and France in brief.

Next, write about the major areas of cooperation and major achievements in the Indo-France relationship.

Next, write about the further potential in the Indo-French relations especially given the current geopolitical turmoil in Europe. Elaborate on the aspect of importance of multilateralism and have a common respect for international rules and regulations that both the countries share.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward in order to achieve the potential.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. While Startup India has achieved notable progress in fostering entrepreneurship and innovation, there are still challenges and areas that require improvement to further empower the startup ecosystem in the country. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

Startup India began on 16 January 2016, and by 2018, claimed itself as a huge success for having reached an arbitrary mark of 10,000 firms registered under it.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about successes and limitations of the Startup India.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about aims and objectives of startup India.

Body:

First, write about the major features of the scheme.

Next, write about the advantages of it – promoting entrepreneurship and innovation, encouraging the growth of startups etc

Next, write about the limitations of the above – challenges in implementation, access to funding, and inclusivity across sectors etc.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to overcome the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

6. We need to recognize the potential shifts in riparian paths and the drying up of rivers that may result from seismic activities in the Himalayan region. It is essential to undertake comprehensive preparedness measures in response to potential earthquakes in the Himalayan region. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

Kiren Rijiju, the Union minister of earth sciences, told the Lok Sabha last December that there had been an increase in earthquakes in India between January and November 2023.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the vulnerability of India to earthquakes and measures needed to develop resilience.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the vulnerability of India to earthquakes. Draw a map showing different seismic zones. write about the factors that have led to an increase in the number of earthquakes in the Himalayan region- activation of Almora Fault, increased dam seismicity etc.

Next, write about the potential impact of the above.

Next, write about several measures the government needs to take mitigate their impact – building codes and standards, retrofitting old buildings, early warning systems, education and awareness, and emergency response planning.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: ethical issues in international relations and funding;

7. What do you understand by international morality? Does morality exist in international relations? (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To write international morality and its nature.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining international morality.

Body:

Start by explaining what is international ethics – moral principles, customary International Law, Human rights, Cooperation, Non-aggression etc. Cite examples to substantiate your points.

Next, write about if it is just a theoretical concept or it is applied in practise as well.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a balanced opinion on international morality.


Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE

Please subscribe to Our podcast channel HERE

Subscribe to our YouTube ChannelHERE

Follow our Twitter Account HERE

Follow our Instagram ID HERE

Follow us on LinkedIn : HERE