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Elusive binturong and the small-clawed otter

Facts for Prelims (FFP)

 

Source: TH

 Context: Two new mammalian species, the elusive binturong (bearcat) and the small-clawed otter, have been added to Assam’s Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve.

  • The binturong, the largest civet in India, was photographed during a migratory bird count, while the small-clawed otter was spotted after a training program.
  • Both species are listed under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.

 

SpeciesBinturong (Bearcat)Small-clawed Otter (Asian Small-clawed Otter)
DescriptionLargest civet in India.Primarily found in freshwater habitats.
NativeSouth-East Asia.India (West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala), Southeast Asia, and Southern China.
DistributionIndia (Meghalaya, Sikkim), Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, etc.
ConservationVulnerable (IUCN); Appendix III (CITES).Vulnerable (IUCN); Appendix I (CITES).