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Aravali Range

Mapping:

 

Source: live law

 Context: The Supreme Court expressed a preliminary opinion that if the State of Rajasthan believes mining activities in the Aravali Range are environmentally harmful, it has the authority to prevent such activities.

The Aravalli Range is regarded as the “lungs” for the highly polluted air in Delhi–National Capital Region (NCR). More than 25% and 31 hill ranges of the Aravallis in Rajasthan had vanished due to illegal quarrying.

 

SC judgement on the mining in the Aravalli region:

  1. 1992: Central government approval mandated for all mining and industrial activities in the Aravalli region.
  2. 1996: Mining lease renewal restricted within a 2km to 5km radius of Badkhal Lake without permission from central and state pollution control boards.
  3. 2009: Complete ban on mining throughout the Aravallis reinstated to safeguard the environment.
  4. 2018: Ordered the total demolition of Kant enclave, a residential complex in the Aravalli forest range.

 

About Aravalli Hills

It is among the world’s oldest fold mountains and is situated in northwest India across states like Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Haryana, as well as the Union Territory of Delhi. Extending from southwest to northeast, the highest peak is Guru Shikhar near Mount Abu in Rajasthan. Rivers like Banas and Sahibi (Yamuna tributaries) and Luni River originate from the Aravalli region, serving as a water divide between the Indus and Ganga Basins. Known for rich mineral deposits including zinc, gold, silver, copper, dolomite, and marble, the Aravalli Hills hold significance in geological and ecological contexts.