UPSC EDITORIAL ANALYSIS : Tax contribution by States needs to be revisited

  Source: The Hindu   Prelims: Current events of national importance(Federalism, Finance Commission, Cess and Surcharges, NITI Ayog, etc) Mains GS Paper II & III: Functions and responsibilities of the union and the states, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure etc   ARTICLE HIGHLIGHTS Chief Ministers expressed their concern about dwindling State revenues …

Aravali Range

Mapping:   Source: live law  Context: The Supreme Court expressed a preliminary opinion that if the State of Rajasthan believes mining activities in the Aravali Range are environmentally harmful, it has the authority to prevent such activities. The Aravalli Range is regarded as the “lungs” for the highly polluted air in Delhi–National Capital Region (NCR). …

Elusive binturong and the small-clawed otter

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: Two new mammalian species, the elusive binturong (bearcat) and the small-clawed otter, have been added to Assam’s Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve. The binturong, the largest civet in India, was photographed during a migratory bird count, while the small-clawed otter was spotted after a training program. …

Mpemba effect

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: The Mpemba effect, named after Tanzanian student Erasto Mpemba, describes the counterintuitive phenomenon where hot water can freeze faster than cold water in similar conditions. Although noticed by historical figures like Aristotle, Francis Bacon, and René Descartes, the effect gained attention after Mpemba highlighted it in 1969. …

End-to-end encryption

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH    Context: End-to-end encryption (E2E) is a method of protecting digital information by transforming it into an unreadable format, and it has significant implications for privacy and security. Encryption fundamentally involves changing consumable information into an unconsumable form based on specific rules.   There are two main types …

Laser Communication with Chandrayaan-3 Lander

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: BS  Context: NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) has successfully pinged India’s Chandrayaan-3 mission‘s Vikram lander on the Moon using a laser instrument. The laser beam was transmitted and reflected between the LRO and a retroreflector on the Vikram lander, located near the Moon’s south pole. The Laser Retroreflector Array …

Srirangam temple

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH  Context: The Prime Minister visited Srirangam Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, marking the first visit by a serving Prime Minister to the temple, according to temple priests.  

Madhika Language

Facts for Prelims (FFP)   Source: TH    Context: The Chakaliya community in the remote colony of Kookanam, near Karivellur grama panchayat in Kannur, is facing the imminent extinction of its unique language, Madhika. The language, has no script and is a blend of Telugu, Tulu, Kannada, and Malayalam, will be lost soon. Despite its …

National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and Idate Commission report

GS Paper 2   Syllabus: Constitutional and Non-constitutional Bodies    Source: TH  Context: The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) emphasized the need to implement the Idate Commission report, which recommends establishing a permanent commission for Nomadic, Semi-Nomadic, and De-Notified Tribes (NTs, SNTs, and DNTs) in India.   The NHRC called for repealing the Habitual Offenders Act, …

UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice – Insights SECURE: 23 January 2024

  Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers. How to Follow Secure Initiative? How to Self-evaluate your answer?  MISSION – 2023: YEARLONG TIMETABLE Join IPM 4.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday   General Studies – 1   Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country. 1. The challenges faced in …

One of the most effective methods for detecting and preventing corruption and malpractices is through the act of whistleblowing. Is whistleblowing by civil servants ethically justified?

Topic: Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information 7. One of the most effective methods for detecting and preventing corruption and malpractices is through the act of whistleblowing. Is whistleblowing by civil servants ethically justified? Difficulty level: Moderate Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper …

Integrity is the compass that guides individuals on their journey of character development. Substantiate.

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections. 6. Integrity is the compass that guides individuals on their journey of character development. Substantiate. (150 words) Difficulty level: Moderate Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus …

What is the ‘triple planetary’ crisis? Discuss the steps that are needed to build resilience and ensure a more sustainable future for the planet and its inhabitants.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. 5. What is the ‘triple planetary’ crisis? Discuss the steps that are needed to build resilience and ensure a more sustainable future for the planet and its inhabitants. (250 words) Difficulty level: Moderate Reference: Live Mint Why the question: India’s mitigation plan for climate change should …