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Taiwan

Mapping:

 

Source: BS

 Context: Lai Ching-te, from Taiwan’s ruling Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), won the presidential election, marking the DPP’s third consecutive victory with a pro-independence stance.

Major powers’ reactions include China asserting Taiwan as part of China, the USA welcoming the democratic process but not supporting independence, and Japan congratulating Taiwan.

Taiwan’s global geopolitical importance lies in its economic weight, being the 16th largest economy, a major source of semiconductors, and a critical point on maritime trade routes. Taiwan produces 92% of the world’s most advanced logic chips and 70% of smartphone chipsets, among other critical components.

 

India’s evolving stance toward Taiwan involves expanding economic relations, direct criticism of China’s actions in the Taiwan Strait in 2022, and a departure from reaffirming the one-China principle, aligning more with its QUAD partners.

 

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China, is a country in East Asia. It is located at the junction of the East and South China Seas in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, with the People’s Republic of China to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south.