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UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice – Insights SECURE: 17 January 2024

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. Though puzzling for many, Gandhi’s strategy to keep the issue of salt issue as a core aspect of civil disobedience movement was well thought, carefully calibrated and its appeal was universal. Substantiate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 as mentioned in Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To reason behind Gandhi’s strategy to choose salt as a core aspect of civil disobedience movement.

Directive word: 

Substantiate – When you are asked to Substantiate, you must pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question using suitable case studies or/ and examples.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving introduction to the events that led to the rise of the civil disobedience movement.

Body:

Mention the intent of Gandhi’s strategy behind choosing salt as an issue to launch a movement against the British and link it with Gandhi’s method of Constructive work, the economic aspect, emotional aspect, Civil Disobedience aspect and stress on the factor of mass appeal.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning the impact of salt satyagraha setting the foundation for a non-violent mass struggle.

 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

2. Explain the spread of the civil disobedience movement in terms of popular response and regional patterns across India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 as mentioned in Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the spread of the civil disobedience movement in India along with its regional patterns.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin your answer by giving context of Civil disobedience movement (CDM) and its beginnings.

Body:

Draw a small map showing various regional manifestations of the CDM.

Mention about the various leaders across India such as Kelappan, C Rajagopalachari and others leading each of the regional areas across India.

Mention Civil disobedience movement against Chowkidari tax, the people of Balasore boycotting all forms of tax, defying the forest laws etc and the areas in which it was active.

Also new forms of boycott such as formation of volunteer corps, involving children and women, secretly spreading the messages of Congress in rural areas for demand of swarajya through underground channels may be highlighted to show emergence of new patterns of activism against the British Raj.

Conclusion:

Comment on the impact of the movement.

 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

3. In detail, explain the mechanism behind formation of fog. What are the various factors that aid the formation of smog and its impact? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express ,  Insights on India

Why the question:

For two consecutive mornings, dense fog has enveloped north-western India, including Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, parts of Uttar Pradesh, and parts of Rajasthan.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the mechanism of formation of fog, factors aiding formation of smog and its impact.

Introduction: 

Begin by defining fog as a type of condensation.

Body:

First, write about the mechanism that leads to the formation of fog in the atmosphere.

Next, write about smog and the factors that result in the formation of smog.

Next, mention the adverse impact of smog on – weather, health, transportation, buildings, plants etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning steps to overcome the adverse effects of smog.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: India and its neighbourhood – International relations

4.  India and Bangladesh have made strides in enhancing their overall relationship, yet certain challenges persist. Ongoing efforts in diplomatic dialogues and negotiations will likely play a crucial role in addressing these issues and fostering further cooperation between the two countries. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tricky

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Bangladesh held its national elections on January 7, 2024 amidst violence and protests as the polls became embroiled in controversy.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various issues in Indo-Bangladesh relations and ways to overcome them.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context of the Question.

Body:

First, give a brief snapshot of India- Bangladesh relation. How it has progressed over the years. Use diagram to show it.

Next, write about the issues still holding the relationship. Cite examples to support your points.

Next, suggest how those issues can be addressed.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a futuristic view of the relationship.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

5. The gene-editing technology has opened up a vast window of opportunities in the recent years. Explain briefly what gene editing technology is with its potential applications in various fields. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

In a paper published this week in Nature, part of a series of insights about ancient peoples, researchers compared thousands of ancient and modern genomes to unearth new information about multiple sclerosis (MS).

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the gene editing technology is with its potential applications in various fields.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with what you understand by Gene editing technology.

Body:

In the first part, write about the process of gene editing technology with a brief diagram.

Next, write about the possible advantages of Gene editing and cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about the limitations of the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

We see morality in speeches and writings. We do not find it in practice.” ― Periyar E.V. Ramasamy

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about difference between preaching morality and practising it. Write about the impact of the same. Write ways how one can practice what is preached. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“A person’s ethics and character are not tested in good times. It is only in bad times that a person shows how steadfast he is to his dharma.” ― Amish Tripathi

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about how it is easy to be display good character in easy time and in the times adversity, the real character of the person is shown. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.


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