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Sagar Island



Source: DTE

 Context: The Ganga Sagar Mela on Sagar Island, West Bengal, attracted a record 10 million pilgrims, facing environmental challenges due to its vulnerability to cyclones and rising sea levels.

West Bengal has urged for ‘national fair’ status and financial support from the central government. The pilgrimage saw over 6 million people taking a dip in the sea, making it the second-largest Hindu gathering after the Kumbh Mela.


About Gangasagar MelaThe Gangasagar Mela is the world’s second-largest human congregation, occurring annually during Makar Sankranti on Sagar Island, West Bengal. With roots dating back to 400 BCE and mentioned in Indian epics, pilgrims take a dip in the Ganga and visit the Kapil Muni temple. The mela is historically significant and draws millions, making it a major Hindu gathering.
Who is Kapil Muni? Kapil Muni, a Vedic sage, is considered the original proponent of the Samkhya system of Indian philosophy. Living around the 6th or 7th century C.E., he is believed to be an incarnation of Vishnu. Kapil Muni is known for teaching bhakti yoga and is recognized not only in Hinduism but also in Buddhism.
Vedic SageHis teachings emphasize meditation, critique of Vedic gods and rituals, and a dislike for Brahmanic doctrines. Students associated with him are said to have built the city of Kapilavastu.
Where is Sagar Island LocatedSagar Island, the westernmost island of the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta, is situated in West Bengal. It lies at the mouth of the Hugli (Hooghly) River, with an arm of the river separating it from the mainland to the east.