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Punganur cows

Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: IE

 Context: Prime Minister Narendra Modi fed Punganur cows at his residence on Makar Sankranti. Punganur is a unique dwarf breed native to Andhra Pradesh, considered the shortest-humped cattle globally.


About the Cow:

The Punganur cow is native to Punganur village in Andhra Pradesh’s Chittoor district. It is known for its small size, standing at 70-90 cm tall and weighing approximately 115-200 kg. The breed is adapted to hot and dry climates. Recognizing the importance of preserving this indigenous breed, the Andhra Pradesh government has initiated “Mission Punganur” to revive and conserve the Punganur cow.

Punganur cows are now found not only in Andhra Pradesh but also in Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu.