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UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice – Insights SECURE : 12 January 2024

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Puppetry throughout the ages has held an important place in traditional entertainment. Puppets from different parts of the country have their own identity. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate                   

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write puppetry as a traditional art and its regional identities.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with what Indian puppetry is and its diversity across Indian states.

Body:

Write in detail about how puppetry draws from painting, sculpture, music, dance, drama and other visual arts. Cite examples to substantiate your points.

Next, write about the diverse forms of regional Indian puppetry and its various types.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about importance of puppetry as visual art.

 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. What do you understand by intangible cultural heritage? Why is it important to protect intangible heritage of India? What are the various measures aimed at protecting and preserving intangible cultural heritage of India?  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the need for protecting intangible heritage of India.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the UNESCO list of intangible cultural heritage.

Body:

In the first part, write the items in the UNESCO list of intangible cultural heritage and the region they belong to.

Next, write need for protecting intangible heritage of India – cultural heritage, source of livelihood, dying arts. Celebrating diversity etc.

Next, write about the steps that have been take to protect intangible heritage of India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating the importance of intangible heritage of India.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

3. The state of a parliament reflects the health of a democratic system, and addressing concerns about a declining parliamentary environment is crucial for the healthy functioning of democracy. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

It was one of the gravest security lapses the House has witnessed in its history when two young men with gas canisters jumped on to the floor of the Lok Sabha from its gallery and spread pandemonium there for reasons little known so far.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the performance of parliament and ways to better to it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by describing parliamentary form of government adopted by India.

Body:

In the first part, write about the major features of Parliamentary forms of government in India. Nominal and Real Head, Executive is a Part of Legislature, Majority Party Rule, Collective Responsibility etc.

Next, write about it’s the issues in the functioning of the parliament in the recent years. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to overcome the above – political leaders, lawmakers, and citizens to actively promote democratic values, inclusivity, and the importance of a strong opposition etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

4. Bhutan’s engagement with India is a crucial element in the geopolitical dynamics of the region. The relationship between Bhutan and India underscores the importance of regional cooperation in maintaining peace and security. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

There are indications that Bhutan’s newly elected Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay is likely to maintain strong ties with India.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various areas of cooperation between India and Bhutan and their relations in the context of an expansionist China.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief history of India Bhutan relations.

Body:

In the first part, write about the various areas of cooperation between India and Bhutan – Treaties and Agreements, Economic Cooperation, Security Cooperation, Cultural Ties, People-to-People Contacts etc. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Next, write about the rise of an expansionist China and its impact of Indo-Bhutanese relations. Write about the ways to manage it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the importance of Indo-Bhutanese relations.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5. The Green Hydrogen Mission holds significant potential in addressing both energy security concerns and advancing the global fight against climate change. Evaluate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

The question explores India’s efforts in promoting electric vehicles (EVs).

Key Demand of the question:

Green hydrogen production needs to reach a cost-parity with grey hydrogen in India to meet the target outlined in the National Green Hydrogen Mission of producing at least 5 million tonnes of green hydrogen per annum by 2030.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining green hydrogen.

Body:

First, Distinguish between Brown, Blue and Green Hydrogen. Mention how the Hydrogen fuel can secure India’s energy security as well as help cut down carbon footprint.

Next, write about the advantages offered by green hydrogen.

Next, write about the Green Hydrogen Mission and its potential to harness green hydrogen for developmental and clean energy ambitions. Mention that India has a number of obstacles to overcome in terms of technology, storage, transportation, new materials research, safety standards etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;

6. The perception that probity in governance is considered an exception rather than the norm in modern-day administration is rooted in various systemic, cultural, and structural challenge. Analsye. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about why probity is such a rare occurrence in governance.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining probity in governance.

Body:

First, with examples mentions why civil servants with strong moral principles are rare and mention the factors that make civil servants compromise their integrity.

Next, mention steps that must be taken to improve and promote probity in governance.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting measures to make these measures more robust and effective.

 

Topic: laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance;

7. A moral compass is a fundamental aspect of ethical decision-making, providing individuals with a reliable guide based on their internalized values. Elaborate. (150 words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

Using the metaphor of the moral compass to describe conscience, our inner sense of right and wrong offers a framework to guide our actions.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by describing what you understand by moral compass (conscience) which governs the actions you take in day-to-day life.

Body:

Elaborate on how the moral compass aids in deciding what right from is wrong. Use examples to substantiate your points.

One way is to treat others the way you want to be treated.

Next way, to use Rights Theory that obligates us to respect the rights of others and live up to our obligations towards them.

Another way is to utilitarian perspective to do maximum good for maximum people.

Conclusion:

Completed the answer by bring out how the moral compass prevents us acting purely from self-interest and helps us live a life of integrity.


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