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People’s Manifesto for a Just, Equitable and Sustainable India

Content for Mains Enrichment:


Source: TH

 Context: The “People’s Manifesto for a Just, Equitable and Sustainable India” is a response to India’s crises, released by 85 movements and organizations under Vikalp Sangam. Focused on ecological sustainability, dignified livelihoods, and democratic values, the manifesto advocates policy shifts, emphasizing small manufacturing, crafts, and community-led initiatives.

It addresses concerns about authoritarianism, decentralization, and societal vulnerabilities. The manifesto presents a 21-point charter, urging citizens to actively engage in shaping a just and sustainable future.


CategorySolutions Suggested by the ‘People’s Manifesto’
Governancea) Power to Local Bodies: Real devolution of financial and legal powers to village and urban assemblies.
b) Transparency and Accountability: Comprehensive laws ensuring state agency accountability, including public audits.
c) Independent Institutions: Reviving the independence of the Election Commission and media.
Environmental Issuesa) Sustainable Policies: Urging a national land and water policy emphasizing conservation and community-led efforts.
b) Organic Farming: Proposing conversion to organic farming by 2040.
c) Renewable Energy: Advocating for decentralized renewable energy and phasing out fossil fuels by 2030.
Othersa) Economic Reforms: Focusing on job creation in small manufacturing and crafts, extending employment guarantees to urban areas.
b) Social Justice: Addressing inter-faith conflicts, prioritizing marginalized groups’ rights, and suggesting increased spending on education and health.
c) Decentralization: Seeking fuller implementation of panchayat laws and a National Environment Commissioner role.