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Mulya Pravah 2.0: Values and Ethics in Higher Education

GS Paper 4


Syllabus: Ethics in Education/ Ethica in Personal and professional lives


Source: Th

Context The University Grants Commission (UGC) is pushing for values and ethics in higher education through guidelines like Mulya Pravah 2.0.


What is Mulya Pravah 2.0?

It is a guideline issued by the University Grants Commission (UGC) in India, aiming to instil human values and professional ethics in higher education institutions. It is a modified version of the 2019 Mulya Pravah guideline.


Features of the guidelines:

AimInculcating human values and professional ethics in higher education institutions to build value-based institutions and promote constitutional values.
Guideline ObjectivesInstil deep respect for fundamental duties and constitutional values. Develop a culture of integrity, accountability, transparency, and inclusiveness in higher education institutions.
Emphasis on TransparencyDecision-making should be guided solely by institutional and public interest, devoid of biases. Abolishment of discriminatory privileges; emphasis on punishing the corrupt.
Core Values Institutions are urged to ensure integrity, trusteeship, harmony, accountability, inclusiveness, commitment, respectfulness, belongingness, sustainability, constitutional values, and global citizenship.
Administrative AccountabilityAdministration should prioritize transparency, fairness, honesty, and the highest ethical standards. Refrain from misappropriation and reject gifts that may compromise impartial duties.
Confidentiality and Right to InformationThe guideline emphasizes maintaining confidentiality and conflicting with the right to information. It mandates institutions to voluntarily disclose critical information for public scrutiny.
Teacher’s Role Teaching is a noble profession; teachers are expected to act as role models.
Stakeholder Unions and AssociationsThe expectation for staff and student unions to support the administration in development activities.’


Potential Issues with Guidelines

  1. Lack of definition for ‘dignified manner’ may lead to suppressing dissent.
  2. Associations and unions have faced bans, suspensions, and legal battles.
  3. Guideline’s effectiveness hinges on sincere implementation efforts
  4. Conflicts, such as the emphasis on confidentiality conflicting with the right to information
  5. Reservations about unions’ limited role in protecting members’ rights.
  6. The guideline may face challenges in practical application.


For: Ethical concerns regarding Indian educational institutions: Click Here

 For: Reasons for Prevalence of Unethical Practices: Click Here

 For: The implications of the prevalence of unethical practices: Click Here


Thinker view on values in Education:

Swami VivekanandaEmphasized character-building and moral education for a strong and prosperous nation. Education should focus on physical, intellectual, and spiritual development.
Mahatma GandhiStressed that education without values is incomplete. Advocated for values like truth, non-violence, and compassion to create a just and peaceful society. Character development is vital in education.
Rabindranath TagoreAdvocated for holistic development, emphasizing the significance of value education. Education should harmonize individuals with nature and society, fostering a sense of responsibility.


Best practices in the world on education:

Japan“Moral education” focuses on cultivating moral responsibility and social conscience. Emphasizes values like honesty, kindness, and respect.
FinlandHolistic education includes value education as a crucial part. Emphasis on character education and ethical development is reflected in high global rankings.
AustraliaThe “Values Education” program aims at developing social and emotional intelligence. Promotes values like respect, responsibility, fairness, and compassion.
SingaporeThe “National Education” program aims at developing national identity, social responsibility, and civic consciousness. Emphasizes values like loyalty, resilience, and social harmony.
CanadaEmphasis on developing moral reasoning and ethical decision-making skills. The curriculum promotes values like empathy, justice, and inclusivity.



The ultimate goal of education should be to enhance the quality and integrity of the education system while protecting individual rights and promoting a culture of accountability and transparency.


Insta Links:

 Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude


Mains Links:

Can ethics and morals be taught in educational institutions? If yes, make a case for introducing a course on ethics right from school. (250 Words)