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Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: Economic Times, Business Today

 Context: The Indian government, has launched “PRITHvi VIgyan” scheme for the Ministry of Earth Sciences.

  • The scheme, to be implemented between 2021-26, aims to study the atmosphere, ocean, weather, and Earth system sciences.
  • The objectives include enhancing long-term observations of the Earth System, developing modelling systems for weather prediction, exploring polar and high seas regions, and developing technology for oceanic resource harnessing.

It encompasses five ongoing sub-schemes: ACROSS, O-SMART, PACER, SAGE, and REACHOUT


Atmosphere & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services (ACROSS)For Research and Development (R&D) of dynamical models and providing forecast services.
Ocean Services, Modelling Application, Resources and Technology (O-SMART)For technology development for oceanic applications, services (forecast and advisories), and R&D activities in the marine and coastal environment.
Polar Science and Cryosphere Research (PACER)Comprising the Antarctic program, Indian Arctic program, Southern Ocean program, and Cryosphere and Climate program.
Seismology and Geosciences (SAGE)Encompasses 6 activities including Seismological monitoring and microzonation, and Setting up a facility for geochronology.
Research, Education, Training and Outreach (REACHOUT)Incorporating R&D in Earth System Science (RDESS), developing Skilled manpower in Earth System Sciences, etc.