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Initiatives at the Corbett Tiger Reserve (CTR)

Content for Mains Enrichment:

 

Source: IE 

Context: The Corbett Tiger Reserve (CTR) in India showcases a successful revival of tiger populations through wildlife conservation efforts.

 

Initiatives taken at CTR:

InitiativesDescription
Digital and Intensive PatrollingAdoption of electronic-eye under project E-eye and increased foot patrols to combat poaching and monitor wildlife movement.
Habitat ManagementMeticulous management of grasslands and water resources, including the development of palatable grasses and waterholes for the prey base.
Strategic CorridorsEstablishment of wildlife corridors to facilitate movement, reduce inbreeding, and contribute to healthier tiger populations.
Community InitiativesIntroduction of the “Living with Tigers” initiative and the beehive fencing project “Corbee Honey” to mitigate human-wildlife conflicts.
The “Living with Tigers” initiative focuses on cultivating safe practices and behaviours amidst human-wildlife conflict scenarios.
Cultural ImportanceRecognition of the tiger’s role in India’s religious and mythological iconography led to increased public and political support.

 

About Jim Corbett National Park

Established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, later declared a Tiger Reserve in 1973, Jim Corbett National Park is India’s first national park and the inaugural participant in the Project Tiger initiative. Located in the Shivalik hills of the Himalayas, it spans Pauri Garhwal, Nainital, and Almora districts in Uttarakhand. Recognized for its global prominence, the reserve recorded an impressive increase in tiger density, reaching 260 in 2022 from 231 four years earlier.