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Kalpakkam Atomic Power Station (Tamil Nadu)



Source: PIB

 Context: PM dedicated to the nation’s indigenously developed Demonstration Fast Reactor Fuel Reprocessing Plant (DFRP) at IGCAR, Kalpakkam

 The plant will reprocess spent fuel from the Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) at the Kalpakkam Atomic power station.

What is FBR?

A Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) is a type of nuclear reactor that uses fast neutrons to cause the fission of uranium-238 (unlike conventional nuclear reactors that use slow neutrons). The term “breeder” refers to the ability of these reactors to produce more fissile material than they consume.


FBR is the key to India’s three-stage nuclear power programme. It is the only of its kind in the world and is capable of reprocessing both carbide and oxide fuels discharged from the fast reactors.