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Bharatiya Nyay Sanhita (BNS) for hit-and-run cases

Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: IE, TH

 Context: Truck, bus, and tanker drivers across India are protesting against the newly implemented Bharatiya Nyay Sanhita (BNS) for hit-and-run cases.


What is a Hit and Run Case?

A hit-and-run case refers to a situation where a person involved in a road accident leaves the scene without stopping to identify themselves or render assistance to the injured parties.


What are Bharatiya Nyay Sanhita (BNS) provisions for hit-and-run cases?

 BNS has replaced the colonial-era Indian Penal Code and imposes stringent regulations, including up to 10 years of imprisonment or a fine of Rs 7 lakh (under Section 106 of the act) for drivers causing serious accidents who fail to inform the authorities.

The increase in sentence duration to 10 years is based on the Supreme Court’s recommendations for stricter actions against reckless drivers who flee accident scenes.


Why are truck Unions Protesting?

Truck drivers fear additional criminal liability under Section 106, leading to a call for a strike.



The government held talks with the All-India Motor Transport Congress, and plans to implement BNS only after consulting.

The issue questions whether the law should increase jail terms for accidents and emphasizes the need for a comprehensive accident prevention policy covering imprisonment, compensation, and safety.