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Bab el-Mandeb Strait

Facts for Prelims (FFP)


Source: TH

 Context: Explosions were reported near a cargo ship in the Bab el-Mandeb Strait on January 2, according to the UK Maritime Trade Operations (UKMTO). The ship was travelling between the coasts of Eritrea and Yemen.


What is a Strait?

A strait is a narrow, naturally formed waterway that connects two larger bodies of water, typically seas or oceans. They can be formed by a variety of geological processes, such as tectonic activity, erosion, or the submersion of land.


The Strait of Bab el-Mandeb is a crucial maritime chokepoint, connecting the Red Sea with the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean.


Important Straits of the World are:

StraitConnecting Water Bodies
Strait of GibraltarMediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean
Bosporus StraitBlack Sea and Sea of Marmara
Strait of HormuzPersian Gulf and Gulf of Oman
Malacca StraitThe Andaman Sea and South China Sea
Bab el-Mandeb StraitRed Sea and Gulf of Aden
English ChannelNorth Sea and English Channel
Taiwan StraitEast China Sea and South China Sea
Cook StraitTasman Sea and Pacific Ocean
Torres StraitCoral Sea and Arafura Sea
Davis StraitBaffin Bay and Labrador Sea
Palk StraitBay of Bengal and Gulf of Mannar