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UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice – Insights SECURE: 03 January 2024

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: static syllabus

1. The Indo-Greek invasions marked a phase of cultural and political interaction between the Greek and Indian civilizations. Explain. (150 words).

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of Indo-Greek Invasions.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context.

Body:

First, write the about the impact of Indo-Greek invasions – stering cultural exchanges, trade, and the infusion of Hellenistic elements into various aspects of society. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: static syllabus

2. Discuss Harshavardhana’s legacy as a dynamic and influential king in Indian history who promoted cultural and religious harmony during a transitional period in Indian history. Discuss. 250 words).

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2024 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the legacy of Harsha as an administrator.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving a brief about Harshavardhana.

Body:

First, write the about the major aspects of his administration and major measures undertaken by Harsha.

Next, write about steps taken by Harsha to promote cultural and religious harmony.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,

3. Elaborate upon the factors that contribute to Japan’s susceptibility to tsunamis. Write a note on the importance of an early warning system in preventing the loss of lives due to a tsunami. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: theguardian.comInsights on India

Why the question:

Japan has been affected by a Tsunami leading to loss of lives and property.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the factors which make Japan susceptible to Tsunamis and role of tsunami warning systems in its mitigation.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining a Tsunami.

Body:

First, explain the mechanism a Tsunami with a small neat diagram and factors that make Japan susceptible to it.

Next, write about the trail of destruction of Tsunami – Inundation, Wave Impact and Erosion. Also, give examples of few recent Tsunamis.

Next, write about the role of tsunami warning systems in its mitigation – Risk Assessment & Reduction, Detection, Warning & Dissemination, and Awareness & Response.

Conclusion:

Conclude by Summarising.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

4. Although the constitutional rationale behind establishing the position of the Governor may remain valid, the evolution in Indian politics necessitates a redefined and updated role for the functions performed by the governor. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

It is time to think about the behaviour of Governors in Opposition-ruled States and to understand the legal consequences of such aberrations.

Key Demand of the question:

To critically write about the issues with respect to office of the governor and possible solutions to it.

Directive word: 

Critically analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give brief introduction of the role of Governor in the Indian Polity.

Body:

First, write about the significance of the post of Governor as enshrined in the Indian constitution.

Next, discuss the issues related to abuse of post of Governor in federal polity failing to the functions impartially and efficiently and why the tag of ‘agent of centre’ is being associated with the office of governor. Substantiate with examples.

Next, Explain the misuse of Article 356, Power of Reserving bill, Partisan role in Hung assemblies etc. with examples of recent times.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. Do you think there is need for legal frameworks, particularly designed for the protection sacred groves in India? Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

Sacred groves are integral to the cultural practices of many indigenous communities in India.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the need of legal frameworks for sacred groves in India.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with a defining a scared grove.

Body:

Firstly, in brief, explain the importance of scared groves.

Next, write about the various challenges facing sacred groves in the country – threats of deforestation, urbanization, and development projects etc.

Next, write about the feasibility of granting a legal framework for sacred groves – write about the advantages and limitations of the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion.

 

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

6. Categorical Imperative helps us think about what’s fair and right for everyone, not just for ourselves. Examine. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: plato.stanford.edu

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about Categorical Imperative and its role making us think about everyone and not just ourselves.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining Categorical Imperative.

Body:

First, write about Categorical Imperative and explain it in brief.

Next, write about how it makes individuals to think about the consequences and universal applicability of their actions. It guides us to consider what would be fair, just, and right for everyone involved, fostering a sense of moral duty and responsibility beyond our individual interests.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: ethics – in private and public relationships;

7. Encouraging a culture of honesty, understanding, and constructive dialogue can help create a safe space for individuals to express their true thoughts and opinions in public relationships. Discuss. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of encouraging honesty.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by giving context.

Body:

Write about the importance of culture of honestly – culture builds trust, promotes open communication, and allows for diverse perspectives, Constructive feedback, conflict resolution, and innovation thrive in such an environment.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


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