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Elaborate upon the factors that contribute to Japan’s susceptibility to tsunamis. Write a note on the importance of an early warning system in preventing the loss of lives due to a tsunami.

Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,

3. Elaborate upon the factors that contribute to Japan’s susceptibility to tsunamis. Write a note on the importance of an early warning system in preventing the loss of lives due to a tsunami. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: theguardian.comInsights on India

Why the question:

Japan has been affected by a Tsunami leading to loss of lives and property.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the factors which make Japan susceptible to Tsunamis and role of tsunami warning systems in its mitigation.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining a Tsunami.

Body:

First, explain the mechanism a Tsunami with a small neat diagram and factors that make Japan susceptible to it.

Next, write about the trail of destruction of Tsunami – Inundation, Wave Impact and Erosion. Also, give examples of few recent Tsunamis.

Next, write about the role of tsunami warning systems in its mitigation – Risk Assessment & Reduction, Detection, Warning & Dissemination, and Awareness & Response.

Conclusion:

Conclude by Summarising.